Divine foreknowledge and eternal damnation: The theory of middle knowledge as solution to the soteriological problem of evil
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Neue Zeitschrift Für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 48 (2):160-75 (2006)
Traditionally, Christians have hold the two following beliefs: the belief that God is omniscient, omnipotent, and perfectly good on the one hand and the belief that God has actualized a possible world in which some people freely reject Christ and are damned eternally, while others freely accept Him and are saved on the other. The combination of these two beliefs seems to result in a contradiction. This serious and well-known problem is called the soteriological problem of evil. In this article the author, on the basis of William Lane Craig's Molinist theory, argues that there is no contradiction between these beliefs and that, therefore, there is no soteriological problem of evil, unless one adds two premises. The theory of middle knowledge shows that there is no good reason to accept the second of these. Therefore, there is no contradiction between belief in a perfectly good, omniscient, and omnipotent God and the eternal damnation of some people in this world. This Molinist account is defended against some philosophical and theological objections that have been raised against it. Finally, the author tries to show that, although Craig's concept of transworld damnation is helpful to offer a defense of the compatibility of the two traditional Christian beliefs mentioned above, it does not help us to offer a theodicy of post-mortem evil.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James R. Beebe, Logical Problem of Evil. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
R. Zachary Manis (2011). Could God Do Something Evil? A Molinist Solution to the Problem of Divine Freedom. Faith and Philosophy 28 (2):209-223.
Daniel Howard-Snyder (1996). INTRODUCTION: The Evidential Argument From Evil. In The Evidential Argument from Evil.
Raymond J. VanArragon (2001). Transworld Damnation and Craig's Contentious Suggestion. Faith and Philosophy 18 (2):241-260.
James Franklin (2003). Leibniz's Solution to the Problem of Evil. Think 5 (5):97-101.
William Hasker (2007). D. Z. Phillips' Problems with Evil and with God. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 61 (3):151 - 160.
William L. Rowe (2008). Peter Van Inwagen on the Problem of Evil. Faith and Philosophy 25 (4):425-431.
Daniel Howard-Snyder (2001). Review of David O'Connor, God and Inscrutable Evil. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review.
David B. Myers (2003). Exclusivism, Eternal Damnation, and the Problem of Evil: A Critique of Craig's Molinist Soteriological Theodicy. Religious Studies 39 (4):407-419.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads24 ( #84,094 of 1,679,381 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #112,088 of 1,679,381 )
How can I increase my downloads?