Art and robotics: sixty years of situated machines [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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AI and Society 28 (2):147-156 (2013)
This paper pursues the intertwined tracks of robotics and art since the mid 20th century, taking a loose chronological approach that considers both the devices themselves and their discursive contexts. Relevant research has occurred in a variety of cultural locations, often outside of or prior to formalized robotics contexts. Research was even conducted under the aegis of art or cultural practices where robotics has been pursued for other than instrumental purposes. In hindsight, some of that work seems remarkably prescient of contemporary trends. The context of cultural robotics is a highly charged interdisciplinary test environment in which the theory and pragmatics of technical research confronts the phenomenological realities of physical and social being in the world, and the performative and processual practices of the arts. In this context, issues of embodiment, material instantiation, structural coupling, and machine sensing have provoked the reconsideration of notions of (machine) intelligence and cognitivist paradigms. The paradoxical condition of robotics vis-à-vis artificial intelligence is reflected upon. This paper discusses the possibility of a new embodied ontology of robotics that draws upon both cybernetics and post-cognitive approaches
|Keywords||Robotics Robotic art Artificial intelligence Cybernetics Cognitivism Situated cognition Media art|
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References found in this work BETA
Andy Clark (2008). Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension. Oxford University Press.
Hubert L. Dreyfus, The Current Relevance of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Embodiment. Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy.
J. Lettvin (1959). What the Frog's Eye Tells the Frog's Brain. Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers 49:1940-1951.
Allen Newell & Herbert A. Simon (1981). Computer Science as Empirical Inquiry: Symbols and Search. Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery 19:113-26.
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