Philosophical Studies 142 (3):371 - 386 (2009)
|Abstract||The project of treating knowledge as an empirical object of study has gained popularity in recent naturalistic epistemology. It is argued here that the assumption that such an object of study exists is in tension with other central elements of naturalistic philosophy. Two hypotheses are considered. In the first, “knowledge” is hypothesized to refer to mental states causally responsible for the behaviour of cognitive agents. Here, the relational character of truth creates a problem. In the second hypothesis “knowledge” is hypothesized to refer to mental states causally responsible for the evolutionarily successful behaviour of cognitive agents. Here, the problem lies in the fact that evolution by natural selection is not necessarily conducive to truth. The result does not necessarily amount to eliminativism, however, since the naturalist may consistently reject the condition of truth that lies behind these problems.|
|Keywords||Naturalism Naturalistic epistemology Causality Proximate/ultimate Cognitive ethology Truth Reference Eliminativism|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
R. Scott Smith (2011). Naturalism and Our Knowledge of Reality: Testing Religious Truth-Claims. Ashgate.
Bernardo Cantens (2006). Cognitive Faculties and Evolutionary Naturalism. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 80:201-208.
Richard Boyd (1980). Scientific Realism and Naturalistic Epistemology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:613-662.
Ernest Sosa (1993). Epistemology, Realism, and Truth: The First Philosophical Perspectives Lecture. Philosophical Perspectives 7 (1):1-16.
Richard C. Francis (1990). Causes, Proximate and Ultimate. Biology and Philosophy 5 (4):401-415.
Dirk Koppelberg (1996). Was Macht Eine Erkenntnistheorie Naturalistisch? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 27 (1):71 - 90.
Tom Stoneham (1999). Boghossian on Empty Natural Kind Concepts. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (1):119-22.
José Luis Bermúdez (2006). Knowledge, Naturalism, and Cognitive Ethology: Kornblith's Knowledge and its Place in Nature. Philosophical Studies 127 (2):299 - 316.
Leila Haaparanta (1999). On the Possibility of Naturalistic and of Pure Epistemology. Synthese 118 (1):31-47.
A. Rosenberg (1999). Naturalistic Epistemology for Eliminative Materialists. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (2):335-358.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads49 ( #22,195 of 556,837 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #20,489 of 556,837 )
How can I increase my downloads?