Graduate studies at Western
|Abstract||This paper1 is the ﬁrst in a series of two, in which we (i) explore some aspects of heterogeneous systems of representation and communication2 (ii) show how American Sign Language (ASL) exhibits some of those features; (iii) draw some morals for the design of interfaces. This paper explores (i) at some length and ends with a brief look at (ii). Heterogeneous systems of representation and communication are systems that combine representations whose meanings work on different principles, such as pictures and words. (We will try to reserve the word “language” for natural languages, like English and American Sign Language (ASL), and not use it for just any system of structured representations.) This talk reﬂects work that we have been doing in collaboration with Cathy Haas of the Archimedes Project at CSLI and Bill Stokoe of Gallaudet University, having to do with richly grounded meaning in ASL. Richly grounded meaning or RGM is a generalization of what Peirce called “iconicity”; the symbol and what it symbolizes are naturally rather than arbitrarily connected.3 The key word here is “arbitrary”; probably most RGM symbols are conventional in the sense developed by David Lewis in Convention (), but there is a natural connection between the symbol and what it symbolizes. The traditional word instead of “natural” might be “resemblance”. We emphasize that what is in question is something psychological; a robust cognitive correspondence between properties of a symbol (which must have enough interesting properties to ground such a relation, hence “richly grounded”) and properties of that which is symbolized. Resemblance is too restrictive. There are.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|External links||This entry has no external links. Add one.|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Andy Clark (2006). Material Symbols. Philosophical Psychology 19 (3):291-307.
Nirmalangshu Mukherji (2003). Is C Hl Linguistically Specific? Philosophical Psychology 16 (2):289 – 308.
Angelo Cangelosi (2001). Evolution of Communication and Language Using Signals, Symbols and Words. [Journal (on-Line/Unpaginated)].
Gary E. Schwartz (1996). Symbols and Thought. Synthese 106 (3):399-407.
Stevan Harnad (1995). Grounding Symbols in Sensorimotor Categories with Neural Networks. Institute of Electrical Engineers Colloquium on "Grounding Representations.
David Sloan Wilson (1995). Language as a Community of Interacting Belief Systems: A Case Study Involving Conduct Toward Self and Others. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):77-97.
Afsaneh Fazly, Afra Alishahi & Suzanne Stevenson (2010). A Probabilistic Computational Model of Cross-Situational Word Learning. Cognitive Science 34 (6):1017-1063.
Ullin T. Place (1995). Symbolic Processes and Stimulus Equivalence. Behavior and Philosophy 23:13 - 30.
Teresa Blankmeyer Burke (2007). Seeing Philosophy. Teaching Philosophy 30 (4):443-451.
Teresa Blankmeyer Burke (2007). Seeing Philosophy: Deaf Students and Deaf Philosophers. Teaching Philosophy 30 (4):443-451.
Göran Sonesson (2006). The Meaning of Meaning in Biology and Cognitive Science. Sign Systems Studies 34 (1):135-211.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads18 ( #74,685 of 740,298 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,960 of 740,298 )
How can I increase my downloads?