David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (6):656-669 (2010)
In its basic sense, the term "human" is a term of biological classification: an individual is human just in case it is a member of the species Homo sapiens . Its opposite is "nonhuman": nonhuman animals being animals that belong to other species than H. sapiens . In another sense of human, its opposite is "inhuman," that is cruel and heartless (cf. "humane" and "inhumane"); being human in this sense is having morally good qualities. This paper argues that biomedical research and therapy should make humans in the biological sense more human in the moral sense, even if they cease to be human in the biological sense. This serves valuable biomedical ends like the promotion of health and well-being, for if humans do not become more moral, civilization is threatened. It is unimportant that humans remain biologically human, since they do not have moral value in virtue of belonging to H. sapiens
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Robert Sparrow (2014). Egalitarianism and Moral Bioenhancement. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):20-28.
V. Raki (2014). Voluntary Moral Enhancement and the Survival-at-Any-Cost Bias. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (4):246-250.
Thomas Douglas (2014). Enhancing Moral Conformity and Enhancing Moral Worth. Neuroethics 7 (1):75-91.
Hans-Joerg Ehni & Diana Aurenque (2012). On Moral Enhancement From a Habermasian Perspective. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (02):223-234.
Duncan Purves, Ryan Jenkins & Bradley J. Strawser (2015). Autonomous Machines, Moral Judgment, and Acting for the Right Reasons. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (4):851-872.
Similar books and articles
Lisa Bortolotti (2006). Moral Rights and Human Culture. Ethical Perspectives 13 (4):603-620.
Martin Drenthen (2011). Ecocentrism as Anthropocentrism. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (2):151 - 154.
M. N. Tennison (2012). Moral Transhumanism: The Next Step. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (4):405-416.
Richard A. Watson (1979). Self-Consciousness and the Rights of Nonhuman Animals and Nature. Environmental Ethics 1 (2):99-129.
Erica Fudge (1999/2002). Perceiving Animals: Humans and Beasts in Early Modern English Culture. University of Illinois Press.
Paul Shapiro (2006). Moral Agency in Other Animals. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):357-373.
Mark Bernstein (1991). Speciesism and Loyalty. Behavior and Philosophy 19 (1):43 - 59.
J. L. Nelson (1988). Animals, Handicapped Children and the Tragedy of Marginal Cases. Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (4):191-193.
Julia Tanner (2008). Species as a Relationship. Acta Analytica 23 (4):337-347.
Peter Atterton (2011). Levinas and Our Moral Responsibility Toward Other Animals. Inquiry 54 (6):633 - 649.
Manuel Toscano (2011). Human Dignity as High Moral Status. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 6 (2):4-25.
Evelyn Pluhar (1988). Is There a Morally Relevant Difference Between Human and Animal Nonpersons? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):59-68.
Added to index2010-11-13
Total downloads58 ( #57,682 of 1,725,806 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #210,647 of 1,725,806 )
How can I increase my downloads?