Prolegomena to a theory of disability, inability and handicap
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Underlying the political activism that led to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was what Ron Amundson has called the environmental conception of disability. In  we called this the circumstantial conception of disability and handicap, and contrasted it with the intrinsic conception. We use disability to mean loss of a function, such as moving the hands or seeing, that is part of the standard repertoire for humans. Handicap is a species of inability, in particular, the inability to do something that one wants to do and most others around one can do.1 The intrinsic conception imagines a tight connection between disability and handicap; the circumstantial conception loosens and relativizes that connection. The circumstantial conception reminds us that we all depend on various tools and structures—in particular, on cultural artifacts—to enable us to do what we want to do. In many cases it is the design of these tools and structures that prevents a disabled person from accomplishing what they want, rather than anything intrinsically connected to the disability. For example, very few people..
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Alan Holland (1998). Genetically Based Handicap. Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (2):119–132.
Ron Amundson (1992). Disability, Handicap, and the Environment. Journal of Social Philosophy 23 (1):105-119.
Susan Wendell (2001). Unhealthy Disabled: Treating Chronic Illnesses as Disabilities. Hypatia 16 (4):17-33.
Anita Silvers (2003). On the Possibility and Desirability of Constructing a Neutral Conception of Disability. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (6):471-487.
R. B. Jones (2001). Impairment, Disability and Handicap--Old Fashioned Concepts? Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (6):377-379.
Mark Greene & Steven Augello (2011). Everworse: What's Wrong with Selecting for Disability? Public Affairs Quarterly 25 (2):131-140.
Ron Amundson & Shari Tresky (2007). On a Bioethical Challenge to Disability Rights. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (6):541 – 561.
Anita Silvers (1996). (In) Equality, (Ab) Normality, and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (2):209-224.
Elizabeth Barnes (2009). Disability, Minority, and Difference. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (4):337-355.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #80,640 of 1,679,375 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #182,933 of 1,679,375 )
How can I increase my downloads?