Stoic Psychotherapy in Descartes and Spinoza

Faith and Philosophy 11 (4):592-625 (1994)
Abstract
The psychotherapeutic theories of Descartes and Spinoza are heavily influenced by Stoicism. Stoic psychotherapy has two central features. First, we have a remarkable degree of voluntary control over our passions, and we can and should exercise this control to keep ourselves from having any irrational passions at all. Second, the universe is determined by the providential divine will, and in any situation we can and should align ourselves with this divine will in order to achieve equanimity. Whereas Descartes largely endorses the Stoic picture, Spinoza develops a distinctive, intellectualized version of this view
Keywords DESCARTES  , GOD  , PSYCHOTHERAPY  , RELIGION  , SPINOZA, STOICISM
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