David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 63 (August):125-45 (1991)
During the 'sixties and 'seventies, Hilary Putnam, Jerry Fodor, and Richard Boyd, among others, developed a type of materialism that eschews reductionist claims.1 In this view, explana- tions, natural kinds, and properties in psychology do not reduce to counterparts in more basic sciences, such as neurophysiology or physics. Nevertheless, all token psychological entities-- states, processes, and faculties--are wholly constituted of physical entities, ultimately out of entities over which microphysics quantifies. This view quickly became the standard position in philosophy of mind, and reductionism fell out of favor. Recently, however, reductionism has been experiencing a rebirth, and many have suggested that the non-reductive approach was accepted too quickly and too uncritically. In this paper, we attempt to provide a more thorough account of the anti-reductionist position, and, in the process, to defend it against its recent critics.
|Keywords||Explanation Materialism Metaphysics Psychophysics Boyd, R Churchland, P Fodor, J Putnam, H|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Christopher Clarke (2016). The Explanatory Virtue of Abstracting Away From Idiosyncratic and Messy Detail. Philosophical Studies 173 (6):1429-1449.
Karen Bennett (2003). Why the Exclusion Problem Seems Intractable and How, Just Maybe, to Tract It. Noûs 37 (3):471-97.
Colin Klein (2009). Reduction Without Reductionism: A Defence of Nagel on Connectability. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (234):39 - 53.
Gualtiero Piccinini (2010). The Mind as Neural Software? Understanding Functionalism, Computationalism, and Computational Functionalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (2):269-311.
Michael Strevens (2012). The Explanatory Role of Irreducible Properties. Noûs 46 (4):754-780.
Similar books and articles
Elliott Sober (1999). The Multiple Realizability Argument Against Reductionism. Philosophy of Science 66 (4):542-564.
James W. Cornman (1971). Materialism and Sensations. Yale University Press.
Charles F. Donovan (1978). Eliminative Materialism Reconsidered. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 8 (June):289-303.
Don A. Merrell (2006). Theoretical Identity, Reference Fixing, and Boyd's Defense of Type Materialism. Philosophia 34 (2):169-172.
Andrew Lugg (1975). Putnam on Reductionism. Cognition 3 (3):289-293.
Barry M. Loewer (2001). From Physics to Physicalism. In Carl Gillett & Barry M. Loewer (eds.), Physicalism and its Discontents. Cambridge University Press
Jerry A. Fodor (1968). Psychological Explanation: An Introduction To The Philosophy Of Psychology. Ny: Random House.
Ausonio Marras (2001). On Putnam's Critique of Metaphysical Realism: Mind-Body Identity and Supervenience. Synthese 126 (3):407-426.
Kathleen Lennon (1984). Anti-Reductionist Materialism. Inquiry 27 (December):363-380.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads114 ( #33,702 of 1,906,808 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #60,326 of 1,906,808 )
How can I increase my downloads?