David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (4):371-378 (2009)
Recently David S. Oderberg has tried to refute three arguments that have been advanced in favour of the view that a human being does not begin to exist at fertilization. These arguments turn on the absence of differentiation between the embryoblast and trophoblast, the possibility of monozygotic twinning, and the totipotency of the cells during the first days after fertilization. It is here contended that Oderberg fails to rebut these arguments, though it is conceded that the first two arguments are not conclusive. They do, however, make it at least as reasonable to deny this early origination as to affirm it. It should be noticed that this is all that is needed by those who have used these arguments to dispute that something with a special moral status exists right from fertilization. Nonetheless, it will be seen that the third argument could be developed to the point of giving a conclusive reason to believe that a human being does not begin to exist at fertilization.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David S. Oderberg (1989). Johnston on Human Beings. Journal of Philosophy 86 (March):137-41.
Clifford Grobstein (1985). The Early Development of Human Embryos. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (3):213-236.
D. S. Oderberg (2012). Graph Structuralism and its Discontents: Rejoinder to Shackel. Analysis 72 (1):94-98.
Alfonso Gómez-Lobo (2004). On the Ethical Evaluation of Stem Cell Research: Remarks on a Paper by N. Knoepffler. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (1):75-80.
Norman M. Ford (1988). When Did I Begin?: Conception of the Human Individual in History, Philosophy, and Science. Cambridge University Press.
Gregor Damschen, Alfonso Gómez-Lobo & Dieter Schönecker (2006). Sixteen Days? A Reply to B. Smith and B. Brogaard on the Beginning of Human Individuals. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (2):165 – 175.
Rose Koch-Hershenov (2006). Totipotency, Twinning, and Ensoulment at Fertilization. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (2):139 – 164.
David S. Oderberg (2008). The Metaphysical Status of the Embryo: Some Arguments Revisited. Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (4):263-276.
Added to index2009-07-28
Total downloads32 ( #98,835 of 1,725,443 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #349,436 of 1,725,443 )
How can I increase my downloads?