David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 5 (2):235 - 276 (1982)
Factive predicates (like ‘-matters’, ‘discover-’, ‘realizes-’) take NPs that refer to facts, propositional predicates (like ‘-seems’, ‘believes-’, ‘-likely’) take NPs that refer to propositions, and eventive predicates (like ‘-occurs’, ‘-take place’, ‘-causes-’) take NPs that refer to events (broadly speaking, including states, processes, conditions, ect.). Logically speaking at least two out of the three categories (facts, propositions, and events) can be eliminated. So, if all three kinds of referents turn out to be required for natural language semantics, their postulation is empirically significant since a priori logical considerations do not require all of them.Pronominalization evidence inter alia raises questions about the distinctness of facts, events, and propositions. Two proposals for resolving the pronominalization dilemmas are, first, that abstract elements exist which contain the genuine antecedents for the pronouns (co-reference remaining both syntactic and semantic) and second, that syntactic co-reference is simply distinct from semantic co-reference. The first proposal hardly works at all, since it requires the postulation of many abstract elements and associated unmotivated deletion (or insertion) rules. The second proposal works for all the examples considered. Prior to discussing the two proposals, I show how any two of the three categories can be logically eliminated, a demonstration which also produces some hypothetical abstract elements of use in discussing both proposals. I conclude with some brief remarks on reference versus coreference
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Philip L. Peterson (1981). What Causes Effects? Philosophical Studies 39 (2):107 - 139.
Philip L. Peterson (1994). Attitudinal Opacity. Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (2):159 - 220.
Philip L. Peterson (1994). Which Universals Are Laws? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (4):492 – 496.
Similar books and articles
James Pryor (2007). Reasons and That‐Clauses. Philosophical Issues 17 (1):217-244.
Eros Corazza (2004). On the Alleged Ambiguity of 'Now' and 'Here'. Synthese 138 (2):289 - 313.
Maria Bittner, Individuals and Possibilities (1): Notes on Stone (1999) 'Reference to Possible Worlds'.
Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen & J. P. Smit (2010). Anaphora and Semantic Innocence. Journal of Semantics 27 (1):ffp012.
Fred Kroon (2004). Terms and Truth: Reference Direct and Anaphoric. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (2):353 – 356.
Michael P. Wolf (2006). Rigid Designation and Anaphoric Theories of Reference. Philosophical Studies 130 (2):351 - 375.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #107,068 of 1,099,914 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #67,010 of 1,099,914 )
How can I increase my downloads?