David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (1):81 - 90 (2004)
This paper critically discusses an argument that is sometimes pressed into service in the ethical debate about the use of assisted reproduction. The argument runs roughly as follows: we should prevent women from using assisted reproduction techniques, because women who want to use the technology have been socially coerced into desiring children - and indeed have thereby been harmed by the patriarchal society in which they live. I call this the argument from coercion. Having clarified this argument, I conclude that although it addresses important issues, it is highly problematic for the following reasons. First, if women are being coerced to desire to use AR, we should eradicate the coercive elements in pro-natalist ideology, not access to AR. Second, the argument seems to have the absurd implication that we should prevent all woman, whether fertile or not, to try to have children. Third, it seems probable that women's welfare will be greater if we let well informed and decision-competent women decide for themselves whether they want to use AR.
|Keywords||assisted reproduction autonomy coercion ethics feminism IVF women|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Rosemarie Tong (1996). Feminist Bioethics: Toward Developing a "Feminist" Answer to the Surrogate Motherhood Question. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (1):37-52.
Anne Donchin (2009). Toward a Gender-Sensitive Assisted Reproduction Policy. Bioethics 23 (1):28-38.
Mairi Levitt (2004). Assisted Reproduction: Managing an Unruly Technology. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 12 (1):41-49.
Judith Lorber (1989). Choice, Gift, or Patriarchal Bargain? Women's Consent to in Vitro Fertilization in Male Infertility. Hypatia 4 (3):23 - 36.
Godfrey B. Tangwa (2008). Third Party Assisted Conception: An African Perspective. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (5):297-306.
Susan M. Purviance (1995). Infertility Treatment for Postmenopausal Patients: An Equity-Based Approach. Ethics and Behavior 5 (1):15 – 24.
Amanda R. Clarke (2011). Beyond Reproduction: Women's Health, Activism, and Public Policy. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (2):159-164.
Jyotsna Agnihotri Gupta & Annemiek Richters (2008). Embodied Subjects and Fragmented Objects: Women's Bodies, Assisted Reproduction Technologies and the Right to Self-Determination. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (4):239-249.
Enrico Maestri (2011). Fabbriche Della Vita. La Critica Ecofemminista Alle Tecniche Riproduttive Artificiali. Ragion Pratica 37 (2):417-442.
Thomas Søbirk Petersen (2004). A Woman's Choice? – On Women, Assisted Reproduction and Social Coercion. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (1):81-90.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads12 ( #104,751 of 1,008,787 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #39,218 of 1,008,787 )
How can I increase my downloads?