Neurogeometry of v1 and Kanizsa contours

Axiomathes 13 (3-4):347-363 (2003)
Abstract
We present a neuro-geometrical model for generating the shape of Kanizsa's modal subjective contours which is based on the functional architecture of the primary areas of the visual cortex. We focus on V1 and its pinwheel structure and model it as a discrete approximation of a continuous fibration π: R × P → P with base space the space of the retina R and fiber the projective line P of the orientations of the plane. The horizontal cortico-cortical connections of V1 implement what the geometers call the contact structure of the fibration π, and defines therefore an integrability condition which can be shown to correspond to Field's, Hayes', and Hess' psychophysical concept of association field. We present then a variational model of curved modal illusory contours (in the spirit of previous models due to Ullman, Horn, and Mumford) based on the idea that virtual contours are “geodetic” integral curves of the contact structure.
Keywords Contact structure  Pinwheels  Functional architecture  Fibration  Horizontal connections  Lie group  Association field  Illusory contour  Variational model
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