Review: On thinking how to live: A cognitivist view [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Mind 115 (460):1083-1106 (2006)
Allan Gibbard’s strategy in his new book is to begin by describing a psychology of thinking and planning that certain agents might instantiate, then to argue that this psychology involves an ‘expressivism’ about thought that bears on what to do, and, ﬁnally, to try to show that ascribing that same psychology to human beings would explain the way we deploy various concepts in practical and normative deliberation. The idea is to construct an imaginary normative psychology, purportedly conforming to expressivist speciﬁcations, and then to campaign for the hypothesis that that psychology is ours and that we ourselves conform to those speciﬁcations. The upshot is an original and intriguing argument for the claim that ‘expressivism’, as Gibbard understands it, is sound. There is more in the book than that bare argument. Filling out the strategy pursued, for example, the volume contains useful discussions of a number of current debates (chs 2, 12), an enlightening argument that the strategy survives the introduction of the notion that a concept can have a character distinct from its content (ch. 6), and an extended set of reﬂections on how far the point of view defended leaves room for the idea of gaining normative knowledge (pt. 4). But I shall ignore those aspects of the book in this commentary; the focus is on its central argument. My approach will be to reconstuct the main stages in the Aufbau of our normative psychology that Gibbard provides, emphasizing some crucial points that are passed over rather quickly, and then to suggest on the basis of this reconstruction that the more natural lesson to derive is not an expressivist one. Although I break with Gibbard in that way, however, I have great admiration for the book. Thinking How to Live is a sharp, fresh and invigorating treatment of the main issues of metaethics
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
James Lenman (2006). How to Live, What to Do: A Critical Study of Allan Gibbard, Thinking How to Live. Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (3):359-369.
Mark Schroeder (2008). Expression for Expressivists. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (1):86–116.
Allan Gibbard (2003). Thinking How to Live. Harvard University Press.
James Dreier (1999). Transforming Expressivism. Noûs 33 (4):558-572.
Christine Clavien (2009). Gibbard's Expressivism: An Interdisciplinary Critical Analysis. Philosophical Psychology 22 (4):465 – 485.
Michael Bratman, Normative Thinking and Planning, Individual and Shared: Reflections on Allan Gibbard's Tanner Lectures.
Matthew Chrisman (2005). Review of Alan Gibbard's Thinking How to Live. [REVIEW] Ethics 115 (2):406-412.
B. C. Postow (1988). Bookreviews. Annals of Science 45 (6):647-670.
Philip Pettit (2006). On Thinking How to Live: A Cognitivist View. [REVIEW] Mind 115 (460):1083 - 1105.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads12 ( #151,141 of 1,692,918 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #78,896 of 1,692,918 )
How can I increase my downloads?