David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 146 (1-2):93 - 109 (2005)
Nonmonotonic reasoning is often claimed to mimic human common sense reasoning. Only a few studies, though, have investigated this claim empirically. We report four experiments which investigate three rules of SYSTEMP, namely the AND, the LEFT LOGICAL EQUIVALENCE, and the OR rule. The actual inferences of the subjects are compared with the coherent normative upper and lower probability bounds derived from a non-infinitesimal probability semantics of SYSTEM P. We found a relatively good agreement of human reasoning and principles of nonmonotonic reasoning. Contrary to the results reported in the ‘heuristics and biases’ tradition, the subjects committed relatively few upper bound violations (conjunction fallacies).
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy Epistemology Logic Metaphysics Philosophy of Language|
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References found in this work BETA
Lance J. Rips (1994). The Psychology of Proof Deductive Reasoning in Human Thinking. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Citations of this work BETA
Niki Pfeifer (2013). Reasoning About Uncertain Conditionals. Studia Logica (4):1-18.
Niki Pfeifer & Igor Douven (2013). Formal Epistemology and the New Paradigm Psychology of Reasoning. Review of Philosophy and Psychology (2):1-23.
Matthias Unterhuber & Gerhard Schurz (2014). Completeness and Correspondence in Chellas–Segerberg Semantics. Studia Logica 102 (4):891-911.
Guy Politzer (2007). Reasoning with Conditionals. Topoi 26 (1):79-95.
Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter (2009). Framing Human Inference by Coherence Based Probability Logic. Journal of Applied Logic 7 (2):206--217.
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