Artificial morality and artificial law

Artificial Intelligence and Law 2 (1):51-63 (1993)
The article investigates the interplay of moral rules in computer simulation. The investigation is based on two situations which are well-known to game theory: the prisoner''s dilemma and the game of Chicken. The prisoner''s dilemma can be taken to represent contractual situations, the game of Chicken represents a competitive situation on the one hand and the provision for a common good on the other. Unlike the rules usually used in game theory, each player knows the other''s strategy. In that way, ever higher levels of reflection are reached reciprocally. Such strategies can be interpreted as moral rules.Artificial morality is related to the discipline of Artificial Life. As in artificial life, the use of genetic algorithms suggests itself. Rules of behaviour split and reunite as chromosome strings do.
Keywords artificial morality  prisoner's dilemma  game of Chicken  contractual situation  competitive situation  common good  conditional cooperator  reciprocal cooperator  level of reflection  genetic algorithm
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DOI 10.1007/BF00871747
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David Gauthier (1988). Moral Artifice. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):385 - 418.

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