Between Universalism and Skepticism: Ethics as Social Artifact
Oxford University Press (1994)
|Abstract||Philips defends a middle ground between the view that there is a set of standards binding on rational beings as such (universalism) and the view that differences in morals reduce ultimately to matters of taste (skepticism). He begins with a sustained critique of universalist moral theories and some familiar approaches to concrete moral questions that presuppose them (most appeals to intuitions, respect for person's moralities, and versions of contractarianism and wide reflective equilibrium). He goes on to criticize major recent attempts to develop nonuniversalist alternatives to skepticism, arguing that they rely on excessively abstract and philosophically indefensible preference satisfaction theories of the good. According to Philips's positive alternative, moral standards are justified to the extent that they support reasonably valued ways of life. He devotes considerable attention to clarifying this idea and draws conclusions from it about the role and limits of reason in ethics. Philips's theory provides us with a theoretical basis for dealing with actual moral controversies and for approaching questions of applied and professional ethics in a systematic way.|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$8.94 used (92% off) $72.75 new (34% off) $101.40 direct from Amazon (8% off) Amazon page|
|Call number||BJ1012.P455 1994|
|External links||This entry has no external links. Add one.|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Vojko Strahovnik (2009). Globalization, Globalized Ethics and Moral Theory. Synthesis Philosophica 48 (2):209-218.
Benjamin Vilhauer (2012). Taking Free Will Skepticism Seriously. Philosophical Quarterly 62 (248):833 - 852.
Noah Lemos (2004). Rational Desire and the Good. Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (2):329-336.
Linda Zagzebski (1987). Does Ethics Need God? Faith and Philosophy 4 (3):294-303.
Gary Seay (2002). Theory Skepticism and Moral Dilemmas. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (3):279-298.
Christine M. Korsgaard (1986). Skepticism About Practical Reason. Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):5-25.
Michael Philips (1985). Normative Contexts and Moral Decision. Journal of Business Ethics 4 (4):233 - 237.
Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (2006). Moral Skepticisms. Oxford University Press.
Seonghwa Lee (2001). Transversal-Universals in Discourse Ethics: Towards a Reconcilable Ethics Between Universalism and Communitarianism. [REVIEW] Human Studies 24 (1/2):45-56.
Russ Shafer-Landau (2004). Whatever Happened to Good and Evil? Oxford University Press.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2009-01-28
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?