Graduate studies at Western
Bioethics 25 (4):209-219 (2011)
|Abstract||Offering cash payments to research subjects is a common recruiting method but there is significant debate about whether and in what amount such payments are appropriate. This paper is concerned with exploitation and whether there should be a lower limit on the amount researchers can pay their subjects. When subjects participate in research as a way to make money, fairness requires that researchers pay them a fair wage. This call for the establishment of a lower limit meets resistance in two places: (1) denial that the payments offered by researchers are wages for participation; and (2) concern about undue inducement. This paper critically examines these arguments for and against a lower limit. It shows that the need for a lower limit cannot be avoided by adopting a non-wage payment model and that concerns about undue inducement are unjustified in all trials except those that present greater than minimal risk. This analysis suggests the following compromise position: there should be an unconditional lower limit on payment amounts so that researchers cannot offer less than a fair wage, and when researchers cannot satisfy this limit because fairness requires a problematically large payment, then researchers should offer no payment at all|
|Keywords||clinical trials research ethics payments inducements undue inducements exploitation justice|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Mikhail Valdman (2009). On the Morality of Guinea-Pig Recruitment. Bioethics 24 (6):287-294.
Terrence P. Mc Eachern (2005). The Inducement of Meaningful Work: A Response to Anderson and Weijer. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (5):427-430.
Emily Largent, Christine Grady, Franklin G. Miller & Alan Wertheimer (2013). Misconceptions About Coercion and Undue Influence: Reflections on the Views of Irb Members. Bioethics 27 (9):500-507.
T. Phillips (2011). From the Ideal Market to the Ideal Clinic: Constructing a Normative Standard of Fairness for Human Subjects Research. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):79-106.
James A. Anderson & Charles Weijer (2002). The Research Subject as Wage Earner. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (4-5):359-376.
Jeremy Snyder (2010). Multiple Forms of Exploitation in International Research: The Need for Multiple Standards of Fairness. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):40-41.
Julius Ecuru, Douglas Wassenaar & Betty Kwagala (2010). Payments and Direct Benefits in HIV/AIDS Related Research Projects in Uganda. Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):95-109.
Betty Kwagala, Douglas Wassenaar & Julius Ecuru (2010). Payments and Direct Benefits in Hiv/Aids Related Research Projects in Uganda. Ethics and Behavior 20 (2):95 – 109.
Angela Ballantyne (2008). Benefits to Research Subjects in International Trials: Do They Reduce Exploitation or Increase Undue Inducement? Developing World Bioethics 8 (3):178-191.
Trisha B. Phillips (2011). A Living Wage for Research Subjects. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):243-253.
Added to index2009-04-23
Total downloads21 ( #65,455 of 739,396 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,680 of 739,396 )
How can I increase my downloads?