David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):103-109 (2009)
The general notion of relative freedom is introduced. It is a kind of freedom that is observed everywhere in nature. In biology, incomplete knowledge is defined for all organisms. They cope with the problem by Popper’s trial-and-error processes. One source of their success is the relative freedom of choice from the basic option ranges: mutations, motions and neuron connections. After the conjecture is adopted that communicability can be used as a criterion of consciousness, free will is defined as a conscious version of relative freedom. The resulting notion is logically self-consistent and it describes an observable phenomenon that agrees with our experience
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Stephan Lau, Anette Hiemisch & Roy F. Baumeister (2015). The Experience of Freedom in Decisions – Questioning Philosophical Beliefs in Favor of Psychological Determinants. Consciousness and Cognition 33:30-46.
Stephan Lau & Mario Wenzel (2014). The Effects of Constrained Autonomy and Incentives on the Experience of Freedom in Everyday Decision-Making. Philosophical Psychology 28 (7):967-979.
Similar books and articles
Vere Chappell (1994). Locke on the Freedom of the Will. In G. A. J. Rogers (ed.), Locke's Philosophy: Content and Context. Oxford University Press 101--21.
Gregg Caruso (2008). Consciousness and Free Will: A Critique of the Argument From Introspection. Southwest Philosophy Review 24 (1):219-231.
Max Velmans (2003). Preconscious Free Will. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (12):42-61.
Gregg Caruso (2012). Free Will and Consciousness: A Determinist Account of the Illusion of Free Will. Lexington Books.
Claus Janew (2011). Omnipresent Consciousness and Free Will. Journal of Consciousness Exploration and Research 2 (6):868-876.
Raymond Van Over (1974). The Psychology of Freedom. Fawcett Publications.
J. David Velleman (1989). Epistemic Freedom. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 70 (1):73-97.
Max Velmans (2004). Why Conscious Free Will Both is and Isn't an Illusion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):677.
Wells Earl Draughon (2003). What Freedom Is. Writer's Showcase.
Mark Leon (2000). Believing Autonomously. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 9:169-183.
Frank Hindriks (2008). The Freedom of Collective Agents. Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (2):165–183.
Timothy O'Connor (2009). Degrees of Freedom. Philosophical Explorations 12 (2):119 – 125.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads13 ( #262,255 of 1,792,869 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #345,622 of 1,792,869 )
How can I increase my downloads?