David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):103-109 (2009)
The general notion of relative freedom is introduced. It is a kind of freedom that is observed everywhere in nature. In biology, incomplete knowledge is defined for all organisms. They cope with the problem by Popper’s trial-and-error processes. One source of their success is the relative freedom of choice from the basic option ranges: mutations, motions and neuron connections. After the conjecture is adopted that communicability can be used as a criterion of consciousness, free will is defined as a conscious version of relative freedom. The resulting notion is logically self-consistent and it describes an observable phenomenon that agrees with our experience
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Stephan Lau, Anette Hiemisch & Roy F. Baumeister (2015). The Experience of Freedom in Decisions – Questioning Philosophical Beliefs in Favor of Psychological Determinants. Consciousness and Cognition 33:30-46.
Stephan Lau & Mario Wenzel (2014). The Effects of Constrained Autonomy and Incentives on the Experience of Freedom in Everyday Decision-Making. Philosophical Psychology 28 (7):967-979.
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