David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 168 (3):469 - 491 (2009)
The history of British cybernetics offers us a different form of science and engineering, one that does not seek to dominate nature through knowledge. I want to say that one can distinguish two different paradigms in the history of science and technology: the one that Heidegger despised, which we could call the Modern paradigm, and another, cybernetic, nonModern, paradigm that he might have approved of. This essay focusses on work in the 1950s and early 1960s by two of Britain’s leading cyberneticians, Stafford Beer and Gordon Pask, in the field of what one can call biological computing. My object is to get as clear as I can on what Beer and Pask were up to. At the end, I will discuss Beer’s hylozoist ontology of matter, mind and spirit. This material is not easy to get the hang of—but that is what one should expect from an unfamiliar paradigm.
|Keywords||Cybernetics Computing Biological computing Design Stafford Beer Gordon Pask Martin Heidegger Hylozoism|
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References found in this work BETA
Bruno Latour (1993). We Have Never Been Modern. Harvard University Press.
Andrew Pickering (1995). The Mangle of Practice Time, Agency, and Science. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
W. Ross Ashby (1953). Design for a Brain. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (14):169-173.
Norbert Wiener (1949). Cybernetics. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):736-737.
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