Computation vs. information processing: why their difference matters to cognitive science

Abstract
Since the cognitive revolution, it’s become commonplace that cognition involves both computation and information processing. Is this one claim or two? Is computation the same as information processing? The two terms are often used interchangeably, but this usage masks important differences. In this paper, we distinguish information processing from computation and examine some of their mutual relations, shedding light on the role each can play in a theory of cognition. We recommend that theoristError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMapError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMapError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMapError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMaps of cognition be explicit and careful in choosing 1 notions of computation and information and connecting them together. Much confusion can be avoided by doing so. Keywords: computation, information processing, computationalism, computational theory of mind, cognitivism
Keywords computation  information processing  computationalism  computational theory of mind  cognitivism
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References found in this work BETA
Luciano Floridi (2005). Is Semantic Information Meaningful Data? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2):351-370.
Jerry A. Fodor (1981). The Mind-Body Problem. Scientific American 244:114-25.
H. P. Grice (1957). Meaning. Philosophical Review 66 (3):377-388.

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Citations of this work BETA
Oron Shagrir (2010). Brains as Analog-Model Computers. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):271-279.
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