David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Perspectives on Science 13 (3):352-405 (2005)
: This essay addresses the difficulties that sociology as a discipline continues to experience in grasping the relations between technology, science and the social. I argue that these difficulties stem from a resolute centering of sociology on the social, which follows a generically Durkheimian blueprint. I elaborate a response to these difficulties which derives from recent lines of work in science and technology studies, and which entails a decentering of the social relative to the material and the conceptual, in terms of both objects of analysis and explanatory formats. In order to display the direct sociological relevance of this approach, I move to the macro level, developing the conceptual apparatus of a decentered social theory via the discussion of a historical example of major sociological significance—the systematic gearing together of scientific research, technological innovation and industrial production that originated in the synthetic dye industry in the second half of the nineteenth century. Besides the interest of the topic itself, the aim is thus to exemplify in some detail what a decentered sociology might look like, both empirically and conceptually
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References found in this work BETA
D. Bloor (1999). Anti-Latour. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 30 (1):81-112.
Andrew Pickering (1995). Cyborg History and the World War II Regime. Perspectives on Science 3 (1):1-48.
S. Shapin (1982). L'histoire des Sciences Est-Elle Possible. History of Science 20:157-211.
K. K. Cetina (1997). Sociality with Objects: Social Relations in Postsocial Knowledge Societies. Theory, Culture and Society 14 (4):1-30.
Citations of this work BETA
Ursula Klein (2005). Technoscience avant la lettre. Perspectives on Science 13 (2):226-266.
Andrew Pickering (2005). From Dyes to Iraq: A Reply to Jonathan Harwood. Perspectives on Science 13 (3):416-425.
Kjetil Rommetveit (2008). Towards a Hermeneutic of Technomedical Objects. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):103-120.
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