David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophers' Imprint 9 (9):1-16 (2009)
First-person data have been both condemned and hailed because of their alleged privacy. Critics argue that science must be based on public evidence: since first-person data are private, they should be banned from science. Apologists reply that first-person data are necessary for understanding the mind: since first-person data are private, scientists must be allowed to use private evidence. I argue that both views rest on a false premise. In psychology and neuroscience, the subjects issuing first-person reports and other sources of first-person data play the epistemic role of a (self-) measuring instrument. Data from measuring instruments are public and can be validated by public methods. Therefore, first-person data are as public as other scientific data: their use in science is legitimate, in accordance with standard scientific methodology.
|Keywords||first-person data privacy publicity measurement consciousness methodology of science psychology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
John Paley (2010). Qualitative Interviewing as Measurement. Nursing Philosophy 11 (2):112-126.
John Paley (2011). The Fictionalist Paradigm. Nursing Philosophy 12 (1):53-66.
Similar books and articles
Anna Alexandrova (2008). First-Person Reports and the Measurement of Happiness. Philosophical Psychology 21 (5):571 – 583.
Todd Harris (2003). Data Models and the Acquisition and Manipulation of Data. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1508-1517.
A. Goldman (1997). Science, Publicity, and Consciousness. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):525-45.
Antoine Lutz & Evan Thompson (2003). Neurophenomenology. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (9-10):31-52.
Komarine Romdenh-Romluc (2008). First-Person Thought and the Use of 'I'. Synthese 163 (2):145 - 156.
Overgaard Morten (2008). An Integration of First-Person Methodologies in Cognitive Science. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (5):100-120.
Michel Treisman (1962). Psychological Explanation: The 'Private Data' Hypothesis. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (August):130-143.
Evan Thompson, A. Lutz & D. Cosmelli (2005). Neurophenomenology: An Introduction for Neurophilosophers. In Andrew Brook & Kathleen Akins (eds.), Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement. Cambridge University Press.
David J. Chalmers (1999). First-Person Methods in the Science of Consciousness. Consciousness Bulletin.
Gualtiero Piccinini (2010). How to Improve on Heterophenomenology: The Self-Measurement Methodology of First-Person Data. Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (3-4):3 - 4.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads76 ( #19,416 of 1,100,143 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #33,348 of 1,100,143 )
How can I increase my downloads?