Graduate studies at Western
Journal of Biological Physics 37 (1):1-38 (2011)
|Abstract||Computation and information processing are among the most fundamental notions in cognitive science. They are also among the most imprecisely discussed. Many cognitive scientists take it for granted that cognition involves computation, information processing, or both – although others disagree vehemently. Yet different cognitive scientists use ‘computation’ and ‘information processing’ to mean different things, sometimes without realizing that they do. In addition, computation and information processing are surrounded by several myths; first and foremost, that they are the same thing. In this paper, we address this unsatisfactory state of affairs by presenting a general and theory-neutral account of computation and information processing. We also apply our framework by analyzing the relations between computation and information processing on one hand and classicism and connectionism on the other. We defend the relevance to cognitive science of both computation, in a generic sense that we fully articulate for the first time, and information processing, in three important senses of the term. Our account advances some foundational debates in cognitive science by untangling some of their conceptual knots in a theory-neutral way. By leveling the playing field, we pave the way for the future resolution of the debates’ empirical aspects.|
|Keywords||classicism computation cognitivism computational neuroscience computational theory of mind computationalism connectionism information processing meaning representation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Valerie Gray Hardcastle (1995). A Critique of Information Processing Theories of Consciousness. Minds and Machines 5 (1):89-107.
Eric Dietrich & Arthur B. Markman (1998). All Information Processing Entails Computation, or, If R. A. Fisher Had Been a Cognitive Scientist . . Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):637-638.
Nir Fresco (2013). Information Processing as an Account of Concrete Digital Computation. Philosophy and Technology 26 (1):31-60.
B. Maclennan (2003). Transcending Turing Computability. Minds and Machines 13 (1):3-22.
Gordana Dodig Crnkovic & Mark Burgin (eds.) (forthcoming). INFORMATION AND COMPUTATION. World Scientific.
Vinod Goel (1991). Notationality and the Information Processing Mind. Minds and Machines 1 (2):129-166.
Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic (2009). Information and Computation Nets. Investigations Into Info-Computational World. VDM.
C. F. Boyle (1994). Computation as an Intrinsic Property. Minds and Machines 4 (4):451-67.
Gordana Dodig Crnkovic & Susan Stuart (eds.) (2007). Computation, Information, Cognition: The Nexus and the Liminal. Cambridge Scholars Press.
Gualtiero Piccinini & Andrea Scarantino (2010). Computation Vs. Information Processing: Why Their Difference Matters to Cognitive Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):237-246.
Added to index2010-03-12
Total downloads106 ( #7,002 of 739,369 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #14,948 of 739,369 )
How can I increase my downloads?