David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 147 (2):193 - 211 (2010)
I defend the view that ordinary objects like statues are identical to the pieces of matter from which they are made. I argue that ordinary speakers assert sentences such as ‘this statue is a molded piece of clay’. This suggests that speakers believe propositions which entail that ordinary objects such as statues are the pieces matter from which they are made, and therefore pluralism contradicts ordinary beliefs. The dominant response to this argument purports to find an ambiguity in the word ‘is’, such that ‘is’ in these sentences means the same as ‘constitutes or is constituted by’. I will use standard tests for ambiguity to argue that this strategy fails. I then explore and reject other responses to the argument.
|Keywords||Metaphysics Problems of constitution ‘Is’ of constitution Tests for ambiguity|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Michael B. Burke, Hugh S. Chandler Roderick M. Chisholm, Frederick C. Doepke, Peter T. Geach, Allan Gibbard, Mark Heller, Frances Howard-Snyder, Peter van Inwagen, Mark Johnston, David Lewis, George Myro, Terence Parsons, Ernest Sosa, JudithJarvis Thomson, Peter Unger & David Wiggins (1997). Material Constitution: A Reader. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Delia Graff Fara (2001). Descriptions as Predicates. Philosophical Studies 102:1--42.
Kit Fine (2003). The Non-Identity of a Material Thing and its Matter. Mind 112 (446):195-234.
André Gallois (1998). Occasions of Identity: A Study in the Metaphysics of Persistence, Change, and Sameness. Oxford University Press.
H. P. Grice (1989). Studies in the Way of Words. Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Daniel Z. Korman (2013). Fundamental Quantification and the Language of the Ontology Room. Noûs 47 (3):n/a-n/a.
Similar books and articles
Michael C. Rea (1998). Sameness Without Identity: An Aristotelian Solution to the Problem of Material Constitution. Ratio 11 (3):316–328.
Hagit Benbaji (2008). Material Objects, Constitution, and Mysterianism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (1):1-26.
Susan Dwyer & Paul M. Pietroski (1996). Believing in Language. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):338-373.
Daniel Z. Korman (2011). Ordinary Objects. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Ben Caplan & Bob Bright (2005). Fusions and Ordinary Physical Objects. Philosophical Studies 125 (1):61-83.
Kris McDaniel (2001). Tropes and Ordinary Physical Objects. Philosophical Studies 104 (3):269-290.
L. A. Paul (2010). The Puzzles of Material Constitution. Philosophy Compass 5 (7):579-590.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads48 ( #32,461 of 1,096,600 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #37,677 of 1,096,600 )
How can I increase my downloads?