David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethnicities 4 (4):523-544 (2005)
The aim of this article is to present a conceptualization of cultural groups and cultural difference that provides a middle course between the Scylla of essentialism and the Charybdis of reductionism. The method I employ is the social mechanism approach. I argue that cultural groups and cultural difference should be understood as the result of cognitive and social processes of categorization. I describe two such processes in particular: categorization by others and self- categorization. Categorization by others is caused by processes of ascription: the attribution by outsiders of certain characteristics, beliefs, and practices to indi- viduals who share a specific attribute. Self-categorization is caused by processes of inscription and community-building: the adoption of certain beliefs and practices as a result of socialization and enculturation. I therefore shift the focus from groups to categories, and from categories to processes of categorization. I show that this analytical distinction between categorization by others and self-categorization can clarify an ambiguity in dominant debates in contemporary multiculturalism. I conclude by indicating how injustices, commonly associated with multiculturalism, can better be understood as socially generated injustices, and how government should deal with these injustices.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
H. G. Callaway (2000). Pragmatic Pluralism and American Democracy. In R. Tapp (ed.), Multiculturalism: Humanist Perspectives.
Jeff Spinner‐Halev (2001). The Universal Pretensions of Cultural Rights Arguments. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 4 (2):1-25.
Peter Jones (1998). Political Theory and Cultural Diversity. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 1 (1):28-62.
Robert Boyd & Joseph Henrich, Division of Labor, Economic Specialization, and the Evolution of Social Stratification.
Robert E. MacLaury (1998). Domain-Specificity in Folk Biology and Color Categorization: Modularity Versus Global Process. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):582-583.
Lee Humphreys (2005). Reframing Social Groups, Closure, and Stabilization in the Social Construction of Technology. Social Epistemology 19 (2 & 3):231 – 253.
Andrew Stables (2005). Multiculturalism and Moral Education: Individual Positioning, Dialogue and Cultural Practice. Journal of Moral Education 34 (2):185-197.
Joshua Preiss (2009). Why Brian Barry Should Be a Multiculturalist. Social Theory and Practice 35 (2):229-249.
Kevin Olsen (2001). Distributive Justice and the Politics of Difference. Critical Horizons 2 (1):5-32.
Jason Tyndal (2013). Culture and Diversity in John Stuart Mill's Civic Nation. Utilitas 25 (1):96-120.
Richard J. Ellis (1993). The Case for Cultural Theory: Reply to Friedman. Critical Review 7 (1):81-128.
Jean Lachapelle (2000). Cultural Evolution, Reductionism in the Social Sciences, and Explanatory Pluralism. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (3):331-361.
Maria Paola Ferretti (2009). Exemptions for Whom? On the Relevant Focus of Egalitarian Concern. Res Publica 15 (3):269-287.
Added to index2010-12-03
Total downloads21 ( #86,490 of 1,102,060 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #306,606 of 1,102,060 )
How can I increase my downloads?