David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Environmental Philosophy 5 (1):75-96 (2008)
Empathy refers to a whole class or “cluster” of behaviors based in emotional linkage between individuals. The capacity for empathy is not unique to humans, but has evolved in a range of mammals that live in complex social groups. There is good evidence for empathy in primates, pachyderms, cetaceans, social carnivores, and rodents. Because empathy is grounded in the same neurological architecture as other prosocial behaviors such as trust, reciprocity, cooperation, and fairness, it seems likely that a whole suite of interlinked moral behaviors have coevolved in social mammals. This essay explores the concept of empathy, reviews the scientific evidence for empathy in several species of social mammals, and suggests why empathy is adaptive. The paper concludeswith a discussion of what, if anything, the discovery of empathy in other animals suggests for how we treat them and how we think about our own morality
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Michael Lamport Commons & Chester Arnold Wolfsont (2001). A Complete Theory of Empathy Must Consider Stage Changes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):30-31.
Michael Lewis (2001). Empathy Requires the Development of the Self. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):42-42.
Tamar Schapiro (2011). Empathy as a Moral Concept: Comments on John Deigh's "Empathy, Justice, and Jurisprudence". Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (s1):91-98.
Dan Zahavi (2012). Basic Empathy and Complex Empathy. Emotion Review 4 (1):81-82.
Elias L. Khalil (2001). Similarity Versus Familiarity: When Empathy Becomes Selfish. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):41-41.
Aaron Simmons (2014). In Defense of the Moral Significance of Empathy. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (1):97-111.
Cameron Anderson & Dacher Keltner (2001). The Role of Empathy in the Formation and Maintenance of Social Bonds. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):21-22.
Jay Schulkin (2001). Psychobiological Basis of Empathy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):46-47.
Marjorie O'Loughlin (1998). Overcoming the Problems of Difference in Education: Empathy as Intercorporeality. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 17 (4):283-293.
Jesse Prinz (2011). Against Empathy. Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (s1):214-233.
Evan Thompson (2001). Empathy and Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (5-7):1-32.
Martin L. Hoffman (2001). How Automatic and Representational is Empathy, and Why. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):38-39.
Stephanie D. Preston & Frans B. M. de Waal (2001). Empathy: Its Ultimate and Proximate Bases. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):1-20.
Heidi L. Maibom (2009). Feeling for Others: Empathy, Sympathy, and Morality. Inquiry 52 (5):483-499.
Added to index2012-03-18
Total downloads9 ( #340,765 of 1,790,294 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #200,312 of 1,790,294 )
How can I increase my downloads?