David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Evolution 61 (12):2743-2749 (2007)
The Modern Synthesis (MS) is the current paradigm in evolutionary biology. It was actually built by expanding on the conceptual foundations laid out by its predecessors, Darwinism and neo-Darwinism. For sometime now there has been talk of a new Extended Evolutionary Synthesis (EES), and this article begins to outline why we may need such an extension, and how it may come about. As philosopher Karl Popper has noticed, the current evolutionary theory is a theory of genes, and we still lack a theory of forms. The field began, in fact, as a theory of forms in Darwin’s days, and the major goal that an EES will aim for is a unification of our theories of genes and of forms. This may be achieved through an organic grafting of novel concepts onto the foundational structure of the MS, particularly evolvability, phenotypic plasticity, epigenetic inheritance, complexity theory, and the theory of evolution in highly dimensional adaptive landscapes.
|Keywords||evolutionary synthesis evolutionary theory phenotypic plasticity|
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Heikki Helanterä (2011). Extending the Modern Synthesis with Ants: Ant Encounters. Biology and Philosophy 26 (6):935-944.
Root Gorelick & Manfred D. Laubichler (2008). Genetic= Heritable (Genetic# DNA). Biological Theory 3 (1):79-84.
David J. Depew (2011). Adaptation as Process: The Future of Darwinism and the Legacy of Theodosius Dobzhansky. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (1):89-98.
Simon M. Huttegger (2007). Selection at Multiple Levels: Evolution and the Levels of Selection, Samir Okasha . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, (288 Pp; £32.00 Hbk; ISBN 978-0-19-926797-2). [REVIEW] Biological Theory 2 (4):429-431.
Bruce H. Weber (2011). Extending and Expanding the Darwinian Synthesis: The Role of Complex Systems Dynamics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (1):75-81.
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