David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The purpose of the patent system is to provide incentives for the development of new and useful products and processes. Such products and processes are generally referred to as ‘inventions’. Whilst patents have historically been sought and granted for mechanical and chemical inventions only, the biotechnology revolution of the last 30 years has radically changed this by precipitating a mass of patent applications in respect of living and biological matter. Applications of this nature have forced a re-examination by courts and policy makers of traditional understandings of what can be patented. In particular, they have forced consideration of the extent (if any) to which life and nature can be viewed as ‘inventions’ so as to be capable of supporting a patent. In considering this question the central guiding principle has been the distinction, on which all of patent law is said to rest, between man-made inventions on the one hand and discoveries of nature on the other.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Rafał Witek (2005). Ethics and Patentability in Biotechnology. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):105-111.
R. Stephen Crespi (2005). Ethico-Legal Issues in Biomedicine Patenting: A Patent Professional Viewpoint. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):117-136.
Odin Kroeger (2011). Why Are Software Patents so Elusive? A Platonic Approach. Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology 5 (1):57-70.
Joachim Henkel & Florian Jell, Alternative Motives to File for Patents: Defensive Publishing in the Patent System.
R. Stephen Crespi (2000). An Analysis of Moral Issues Affecting Patenting Inventions in the Life Sciences: A European Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (2):157-180.
Justine Pila (2009). Chemical Products and Proportionate Patents Before and After Generics V Lundbeck. King's Law Journal 20:1-38.
Svenja Sethmann & Franz-Joséf Zimmer (2005). The Immoral Gene: Does It Really Exist? Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (1):97-104.
Ramona Albin (2010). Patents, Innovation, and Privatization. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):777-781.
Added to index2011-02-03
Total downloads19 ( #83,261 of 1,096,245 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #218,857 of 1,096,245 )
How can I increase my downloads?