Graduate studies at Western
Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (3):406-431 (2007)
|Abstract||Moral obligation is a demand of reason—a demanding kind of rational justification. How to understand this rational demand? Much recent philosophy, as in the work of Scanlon, takes obligatoriness to be a reason-giving feature of an action. But the paper argues that moral obligatoriness should instead be understood as a mode of justificatory support—as a distinctive justificatory force of demand. The paper argues that this second model of obligation, the Force model, was central to the natural law tradition in ethics, is truer to everyday intuition about obligation, and also changes our understanding of the problem of moral rationality. A new account is given of why it might be irrational to breach moral obligations. The Force model also sheds new light on moral responsibility, our responsibility for meeting moral obligations. Moral obligation is a standard of reason; but moral responsibility is shown to involve far more than ordinary rational appraisability, precisely because moral obligation involves a distinctive justificatory force of demand—one which specifically governs how we act. Key Words: blame • moral responsibility • natural law • normativity • obligation • reason.|
|Keywords||Normativity Moral Responsibility Obligation Natural Law Blame Reason|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Similar books and articles
Edward Omar Moad (2007). A Path to the Oasis: Sharī'ah and Reason in Islamic Moral Epistemology. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 62 (3):135 - 148.
Tracy Lynn Isaacs (2011). Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts. Oxford University Press.
William L. Langenfus (1988). A Problem for Harman's Moral Relativism. Philosophy Research Archives 14:121-136.
Kenton Machina (2007). Moral Responsibility—What is All the Fuss About? Acta Analytica 22 (1):29-47.
Melissa Zinkin (2006). Respect for the Law and the Use of Dynamical Terms in Kant's Theory of Moral Motivation. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (1):31-53.
Ishtiyaque Haji (2010). Intrinsic Value, Alternative Possibilities, and Reason. Journal of Ethics 14 (2):149-171.
Anthony R. Reeves (2010). Do Judges Have an Obligation to Enforce the Law?: Moral Responsibility and Judicial-Reasoning. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 29 (2):159-187.
Stephen Darwall (2010). Moral Obligation: Form and Substance. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (1):31-46.
Patricia Greenspan (2010). Making Room for Options: Moral Reasons, Imperfect Duties, and Choice. Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):181-205.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads69 ( #15,419 of 739,325 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,243 of 739,325 )
How can I increase my downloads?