Stopping the exploitation of workers: An analysis of the effective application of consumer or socio-political pressure [Book Review]

Journal of Business Ethics 59 (1-2):155--162 (2005)
Abstract
Commodity chain analysis (Bair and Ramsay, 2003 Multinational Companies and Global Human Resource Strategies) is used to explore where economic pressure (from consumers) or socio-political pressure (from governments and NGOs) can be applied to reduce worker exploitation. Six paths are illustrated with examples of successful and unsuccessful application of pressure. Three conclusions are reached :Economic pressure on companies and brand owners is more likely to lead to improved workplace conditions than socio-political pressure; Brand owners are more likely to implement improved workplace conditions than retailers; and Retailers who are under extreme consumer price pressure will resist improving workplace conditions.
Keywords brand value  commodity chains  price pressure  successful boycotts  unsuccessful boycotts  worker exploitation
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