David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The question of freedom in the modern German tradition is not just a metaphysical question. It concerns the status of a free life as a value, indeed, as they took to saying, the “absolute” value. A free life is of unconditional and incomparable and inestimable value, and it is the basis of the unique, and again, absolute, unqualifiable respect owed to any human person just as such. This certainly increases the pressure on anyone who espouses such a view to tell us what a free life consists in. Kant’s famous answer is “autonomy,” where this means first or minimally freedom from external constraint, coercion and intimidation (“thinking for yourself”), but even more importantly, being in a certain specific sort of self-relation. I can only be said truly to be “ruling myself” when the considerations that determine what I do are reasons. But if, finally, in exercising reason I am merely rationally responsive to inclinations and desires and aversions, I am letting such contingent impulses “rule” my life, however strategically rational or hierarchically ordered my plans for satisfaction turn out to be. So, Kant concludes, I am only truly autonomous, self-ruling, when the one consideration of importance (that is, normatively authoritative) in what I do is, as he says so frequently if still mysteriously, the “ form of rationality” as such. The more familiar name for such a necessary condition of autonomy is the Categorical Imperative. To make clear that this subjection to the “form” of rationality counts as autonomy, Kant also insists that this moral law be understood as “self-legislated,” that we must be able to regard ourselves as its “author,” and that we are bound to such a law because we bind ourselves to it
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Matthew J. Kisner (2011). Spinoza on Human Freedom: Reason, Autonomy and the Good Life. Cambridge University Press.
Andrews Reath (2010). Contemporary Kantian Ethics. In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. Routledge
Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) (2003). Autonomy. Cambridge University Press.
Onora O'Neill (2003). The Inaugural Address: Autonomy: The Emperor's New Clothes. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77:1 - 21.
Robert N. Johnson, Kant's Moral Philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Sergio Tenenbaum (2012). The Idea of Freedom and Moral Cognition in Groundwork III. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 84 (3):555-589.
Matti Häyry (2007). The Tension Between Self-Governance and Absolute Inner Worth in Kant's Moral Philosophy. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1 (11):153-157.
Susan Wolf (1990). Freedom Within Reason. Oxford University Press.
Paul Redding (2007). Hegel, Fichte and the Pragmatic Contexts of Moral Judgment. In Espen Hammer (ed.), German Idealism: Contemporary Perspectives. Routledge
Peter Ehlen (1999). “Impersonalismus” Und Die “Werdende Vernunft der Wahrheit” in Solov'evs Spätphilosophie. Studies in East European Thought 51 (3):155-175.
Robert J. Fogelin (2003). Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal. Oxford University Press.
Andrews Reath (2003). Value and Law in Kant's Moral Theory. [REVIEW] Ethics 114 (1):127-155.
Noriaki Iwasa (2013). Reason Alone Cannot Identify Moral Laws. Journal of Value Inquiry 47 (1-2):67-85.
Thomas Pink (2011). Thomas Hobbes and the Ethics of Freedom. Inquiry 54 (5):541 - 563.
Added to index2012-09-05
Total downloads75 ( #59,933 of 1,934,638 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #269,469 of 1,934,638 )
How can I increase my downloads?