David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical theories of the nature of concrete particulars come in two basic kinds, those according to which a concrete particular consists of properties and a bearer of those properties (a substratum), and those according to which a concrete particular consists only of its properties, in a relation of compresence or concurrence. Substrata are theoretical entities defined by their explanatory functions. As such, there is not much disagreement about their nature: they are propertyless, unobservable constituents of concrete particulars that are the bearers of properties 1 and the individuators of distinct particulars. The situation is different with respect to properties. Among realists, some think properties are universals, either transcendent (Platonists) or immanent (Aristotelians), and some 2 think they are particulars (“tropes” ). Of the resultant possible positions on the nature of concrete particulars, six have been the focus of recent philosophical attention. These theories variously identify concrete particulars with (i) material substrata bearing transcendent universals, (ii) material substrata bearing immanent universals, (iii) material substrata bearing abstract particulars, (iv) bundles of transcendent universals, (v) bundles of immanent universals, and (vi) bundles of abstract particulars.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Theodore Sider (2006). Bare Particulars. Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):387–397.
Gonzalo Rodriguez-P. Ereyra, The Bundle Theory is Compatible with Distinct but Indiscernible Particulars.
Jiri Benovsky (2006). A Modal Bundle Theory. Metaphysica 7 (2).
Richard Davis (2004). The Brave New Bare Particularism. Modern Schoolman 81 (4):267-273.
David M. Armstrong (2005). Four Disputes About Properties. Synthese 144 (3):1-12.
Larry Lee Blackman (1983). Russell on the Relations of Universals and Particulars. Philosophy Research Archives 9:265-278.
Matteo Morganti (2011). Substrata and Properties: From Bare Particulars to Supersubstantivalism? Metaphysica 12 (2):183-195.
Paweł Rojek (2008). Three Trope Theories. Axiomathes 18 (3):359-377.
Michael J. Loux (ed.) (1970/1976). Universals and Particulars: Readings in Ontology. University of Notre Dame Press.
Joan Pagès (2002). Structural Universals and Formal Relations. Synthese 131 (2):215 - 221.
L. A. Paul (forthcoming). Mereological Bundle Theory. In Hans Burkhardt, Johanna Seibt & Guido Imaguire (eds.), Handbook of Mereology. Philosophia Verlag.
Peter Simons (2000). Identity Through Time and Trope Bundles. Topoi 19 (2):147-155.
David S. Brown & Richard Brian Davis (2008). A Puzzle for Particulars? Axiomathes 18 (1):49-65.
Richard Davis (2008). A Puzzle for Particulars? Axiomathes 18 (1):49-65.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads58 ( #22,309 of 1,089,047 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,722 of 1,089,047 )
How can I increase my downloads?