``An Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism"
Graduate studies at Western
Logos 12:27--48 (1991)
|Abstract||Only in rational creatures is there found a likeness of God which counts as an image . . . . As far as a likeness of the divine nature is concerned, rational creatures seem somehow to attain a representation of [that] type in virtue of imitating God not only in this, that he is and lives, but especially in this, that he understands (ST Ia Q.93 a.6).|
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Similar books and articles
Ernest Sosa (2007). Natural Theology and Naturalist Atheology: Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism. In Deane-Peter Baker (ed.), Alvin Plantinga. Cambridge University Press.
James K. Beilby (ed.) (2002). Naturalism Defeated?: Essays on Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism. Cornell University Press.
N. M. L. Nathan (1997). Naturalism and Self-Defeat: Plantinga's Version. Religious Studies 33 (2):135-142.
Omar Mirza (2008). A User's Guide to the Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism. Philosophical Studies 141 (2):125 - 146.
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Timothy O'Connor (2001). A House Divided Against Itself Cannot Stand: Plantinga on the Self-Defeat of Evolutionary Naturalism. In James Beilby (ed.), Naturalism Defeated? Essays on Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism. Cornell.
Branden Fitelson & Elliott Sober (1998). Plantinga's Probability Arguments Against Evolutionary Naturalism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (2):115–129.
David Reiter (2000). Plantinga on the Epistemic Implications of Naturalism. Journal of Philosophical Research 25:141-147.
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University of Szczecin
I do now know how much serious discussion among professional philosophers has been devoted Plantinga's argument that evolutionary theory provides an argument against naturalism, though I know it is widely heralded by many non-professionals who do not like evolutionary theory. Plantinga's error is two-fold. First, he fails to state his general epistemological position, and so leaves us wondering what he means by "truth." Second, and more detrimental to his argument, he fails to consider the possibility of epistemological behaviorism. Consider any of Plantinga's examples of how evolution might have one survive perfectly well with a set of mostly false beliefs. One might, for example, run up a tree when confronted with a tiger, because one believed that this was the best way to pet the cute, furry animal. Thus, one's actions would lead to survivale, but one would be acting on a false belief. Under what conditions could we establish that this man believed one thing, and not another? Wha ... (read more)