David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavior and Philosophy 25 (2):83 - 94 (1997)
Linguistic Behaviorism (Place, 1996) is an attempt to reclaim for the behaviorist perspective two disciplines, linguistics and linguistic philosophy, most of whose practitioners have been persuaded by Chomsky's (1959) Review of B. F. Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior" that behaviorism has nothing useful to contribute to the study of language. It takes as axiomatic (a) that the functional unit of language is the sentence, and (b) that sentences are seldom repeated word-for-word, but are constructed anew on each occasion of utterance out of units, words, phrases and turns of phrase, that are repeated. On this view, the problem of discriminating the true from the false arises from the use of novel declarative sentences (statements) to depict or, to use Skinner's term, "specify" contingencies the like of which the listener need never have encountered and to which he would otherwise have no access. In such cases the listener needs to distinguish among the sentences he receives from other speakers between those where the situation depicted/specified corresponds to that which actually exists at the time and place specified in the sentence and are, therefore, true, and those to which no actual situation corresponds and which are, therefore, false.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ullin T. Place (1992). Eliminative Connectionism: Its Implications for a Return to an Empiricist/Behaviorist Linguistics. Behavior and Philosophy 20 (1):21-35.
James O. Young (2002). The Slingshot Argument and the Correspondence Theory of Truth. Acta Analytica 17 (2):121-132.
Roy A. Moxley (1997). Skinner: From Essentialist to Selectionist Meaning. Behavior and Philosophy 25 (2):95 - 119.
Tyrus Fisher (2011). Quine's Behaviorism and Linguistic Meaning: Why Quine's Behaviorism is Not Illicit. Philosophia 39 (1):51-59.
Willard F. Day (1977). On Skinner's Treatment of the First-Person, Third-Person Psychological Sentence Distinction. Behaviorism 5 (1):33-37.
William A. Rottschaefer (1983). Verbal Behaviorism and Theoretical Mentalism: An Assessment of Marras-Sellars Dialogue. Philosophy Research Archives 9:511-534.
D. Patterson (2003). What is a Correspondence Theory of Truth? Synthese 137 (3):421 - 444.
J. A. Fodor (1961). Of Words and Uses. Inquiry 4 (1-4):190 – 208.
Mark Textor (2001). Does the Truth-Conditional Theory of Sense Work for Indexicals? Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic 6 (2):119-137.
Ernesto Napoli (2006). Negation. Grazer Philosophische Studien 72 (1):233-252.
Richard F. Kitchener (1977). Behavior and Behaviorism. Behaviorism 5 (2):11-68.
Hans Johann Glock (2006). Truth in the Tractatus. Synthese 148 (2):345 - 368.
Ullin T. Place (1988). Skinner's Distinction Between Rule-Governed and Contingency-Shaped Behaviour. Philosophical Psychology 1 (2):225 – 234.
L. A. Zadeh (1975). Fuzzy Logic and Approximate Reasoning. Synthese 30 (3-4):407-428.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads10 ( #165,352 of 1,410,136 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,743 of 1,410,136 )
How can I increase my downloads?