David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (3):445-475 (2000)
The paper extends the framework of outcomes in branching space-time (Kowalski and Placek ) by assigning probabilities to outcomes of events, where these probabilities are interpreted either epistemically or as weighted possibilities. In resulting models I define the notion of common cause of correlated outcomes of a single event, and investigate which setups allow for the introduction of common causes. It turns out that a deterministic common cause can always be introduced, but (surprisingly) only special setups permit the introduction of truly stochastic common causes. I analyse next the Bell-Aspect experiment and derive the Bell-CH inequalities. I observe that we postulate there not a common cause for outcomes of a single event but rather a common common cause that accounts for outcomes of many events, where 'events' mean 'measurements with (different) directions of polarization'. Since the inequalities are violated, I claim that no causal story can be told about the Bell correlations, where causality is subliminal and restricted by screening-off condition. Similarly, given certain intuitive principles, no deterministic story can be told about these correlations
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jeremy Butterfield (2007). Stochastic Einstein Locality Revisited. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (4):805 - 867.
Thomas Müller (2010). Towards a Theory of Limited Indeterminism in Branching Space-Times. Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (4):395 - 423.
Tomasz Placek & Leszek Wroński (2009). On Infinite Epr-Like Correlations. Synthese 167 (1):1 - 32.
Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei (2013). Atomicity and Causal Completeness. Erkenntnis 79 (S3):1-15.
Nuel Belnap (2007). Propensities and Probabilities. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 38 (3):593-625.
Similar books and articles
Gábor Hofer-Szabó (2011). Bell(Δ) Inequalities Derived From Separate Common Causal Explanation of Almost Perfect EPR Anticorrelations. Foundations of Physics 41 (8):1398-1413.
Gábor Hofer-Szabó, Miklós Rédei & László E. Szabó (2002). Common-Causes Are Not Common Common-Causes. Philosophy of Science 69 (4):623-636.
Gabor Hofer-Szabo, Miklos Redei & Laszlo E. Szabo (2002). Common-Causes Are Not Common Common-Causes. Philosophy of Science 69 (4):623-636.
Gábor Hofer‐Szabó (2002). Common‐Causes Are Not Common Common‐Causes. Philosophy of Science 69 (4):623-636.
Jeremy Butterfield (1992). Bell's Theorem: What It Takes. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (1):41-83.
Nuel Belnap (2002). EPR-Like “Funny Business” in the Theory of Branching Space-Times. In T. Placek & J. Butterfield (eds.), Non-Locality and Modality. Kluwer 293--315.
Tomasz Placek, On Propensity-Frequentist Models for Stochastic Phenomena; with Applications to Bell's Theorem.
Gábor Hofer-Szabó (2007). Separate- Versus Common -Common-Cause-Type Derivations of the Bell Inequalities. Synthese 163 (2):199 - 215.
Thomas Müller & Tomasz Placek (2001). Against a Minimalist Reading of Bell's Theorem: Lessons From Fine. Synthese 128 (3):343 - 379.
T. Kowalski & Tomasz Placek (1999). Outcomes in Branching Space-Time and GHZ-Bell Theorems. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):349-375.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads91 ( #38,463 of 1,778,182 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #291,352 of 1,778,182 )
How can I increase my downloads?