David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
According to Proudhon, before Kant, the believer and the philosopher moved “by an irresistible impulse,” asked themselves, “What is God!” They then asked themselves “Which, of all religions, is the best!” “In fact, if there does exist a Being superior to Humanity, there must also exist a system of the relations between this Being and Humanity. What then is this system! The search for the best religion is the second step that the human mind takes in reason and in faith. Kant gave up these insolvable questions. He no longer asked himself what is God, and which is the best religion; he set about explaining the origin and development of the Idea of God; he undertook to work out the biography of this idea.” And the results he attained were as great as they were unexpected. “What we seek, what we see, in God, as Malebranche said ... is our own Ideal, the pure essence of Humanity ... The human soul does not become conscious of its Ego through premeditated contemplation, as the psychologists put it; the soul perceives something outside itself, as if it were a different Being face to face with itself, and it is this inverted image which it calls God. Thus morality, justice, order, law, are no longer things revealed from above, imposed upon our free will by a socalled Creator, unknown and ununderstandable; they are things that are proper and essential to us as our faculties and our organs, as our flesh and our blood. In two words religion and society are synonymous terms, man is as sacred to himself as if he were God.”.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Stephen R. Palmquist (2009). Kant's Religious Argument for the Existence of God. Faith and Philosophy 26 (1):3-22.
Frank Lucash (2006). What is the Relationship Between Ideas in the Human Mind and Ideas in the Mind of God for Spinoza? Sophia 45 (1):25-41.
Jason S. Wright (1981). Morality and Hebraic Christian Religion. Journal of Moral Education 11 (1):32-40.
Stewart Duncan (2005). Knowledge of God in Leviathan. History of Philosophy Quarterly 22 (1):31-48.
Avi Kujman (2010). John Milton: A Dialogical Discourse on God, Satan and Humanity: The Humanization of God Through Negativity and the Possible Human Condition. Create Space.
Eric vd Luft (2004). God, Evil, and Ethics: A Primer in the Philosophy of Religion. Gegensatz Press.
E. Glenn Wagner (2005). God: An Honest Conversation for the Undecided. Waterbrook Press.
John Edwin Smith (1995). Experience and God. Fordham University Press.
Elmer L. Towns (2009). God Laughs: And Other Surprising Things You Never Knew About Him. Regal Books.
Added to index2009-02-16
Total downloads15 ( #88,810 of 1,008,320 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,735 of 1,008,320 )
How can I increase my downloads?