A Here-Now Theory of Indexicality

Abstract
This paper attempts to define indexicality so as to semantically distinguish indexicals from proper names and definite descriptions. The widely-accepted approach that says that indexical reference is distinctive in being dependent on context of use is criticized. A reductive approach is proposed and defended that takes an indexical to be (roughly) an expression that either is or is equivalent to ‘here’ or ‘now’, or is such that a tokening of it refers by relating something to the place and/or time that would have been referred to had ‘here’ and ‘now’ been tokened instead. Alternative reductive approaches are criticized.
Keywords proper names  definite descriptions  singular reference  context  acts of ostension  haecceity  persons  David Kaplan
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Citations of this work BETA
Wayne A. Davis (2013). Minimizing Indexicality. Philosophical Studies 168 (1):1-20.
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Erich Rast (2006). Reference and Indexicality. Dissertation, Roskilde University
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