David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In William Krieger (ed.), Science at the Frontiers: Perspectives on the History and Philosophy of Science (2011)
Mainstream philosophy of science has embraced an “empiricist” approach to scientific method. To be slightly more precise, I venture that most philosophers of science today would endorse the view that experience is the source of most scientific knowledge. The aim of this essay will be to challenge the consensus, by showing how we cannot and should not abandon all elements of the “rationalist” tradition, a tradition often identified with philosophers such as Descartes. There are several elements frequently identified with “rationalist” science (Stump, 2005): questioning of sense experience, the attempt to rethink the “metaphysical” foundations of one’s science, using either thought experiment, or appealing to demonstrative arguments purporting to establish ‘necessary’ truths, often using either mathematics or geometry, and appeal to “virtues” not usually considered “strictly empirical,” such as simplicity. This essay explores the effective deployment of such considerations in the history and current practice of science.
|Keywords||rationalism empiricism scientific method|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Nikos Psarros (1997). Critical Rationalism in the Test Tube? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (2):297 - 305.
Nikos Psarros (1997). Critical Rationalism in the Test Tube? Lecture Given at the ''International Summer School on the Philosophy of Chemistry and Biochemistry'', Bradford & Ilkley Community College, 11. – 14. July 1994. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 28 (2):297-305.
Christopher E. Cosans (1997). Galen's Critique of Rationalist and Empiricist Anatomy. Journal of the History of Biology 30 (1):35 - 54.
Joseph Agassi (1973). Rationality and the Tu Quoque Argument. Inquiry 16 (1-4):395 – 406.
Stéphanie Ruphy (2006). "Empiricism All the Way Down": A Defense of the Value-Neutrality of Science in Response to Helen Longino's Contextual Empiricism. Perspectives on Science 14 (2):189-214.
Christopher E. Cosans (1998). The Experimental Foundations of Galen's Teleology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (1):63-80.
Darrell P. Rowbottom (2011). Popper's Critical Rationalism: A Philosophical Investigation. Routledge.
Nicholas Maxwell (2008). Do We Need a Scientific Revolution? Journal for Biological Physics and Chemistry 8 (3):95-105.
Nicholas Maxwell (1993). Induction and Scientific Realism: Einstein Versus Van Fraassen Part One: How to Solve the Problem of Induction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (1):61-79.
Paul Feyerabend (1981). Philosophical Papers. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2011-08-13
Total downloads21 ( #90,587 of 1,413,232 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #153,719 of 1,413,232 )
How can I increase my downloads?