On subjective back-referral and how long it takes to become conscious of a stimulus: A reinterpretation of Libet's data
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):141-61 (2002)
The original data reported by Benjamin Libet and colleagues are reinterpreted, taking into account the facilitation which is experimentally demonstrated in the first of their series of articles. It is shown that the original data equally well or better support a quite different set of conclusions from those drawn by Libet. The new conclusions are that it takes only 80 ms for stimuli to come to consciousness and that “subjective back-referral of sensations in time” to the time of the stimulus does not occur
|Keywords||*Consciousness States *Data Collection *Perception *Physiological Correlates *Time Series|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Sukhvinder S. Obhi, Peggy J. Planetta & Jordan Scantlebury (2009). On the Signals Underlying Conscious Awareness of Action. Cognition 110 (1):65-73.
Similar books and articles
Judy A. Trevena & Jeff G. Miller (2002). Cortical Movement Preparation Before and After a Conscious Decision to Move. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):162-90.
Gilberto Gomes (2002). Problems in the Timing of Conscious Experience. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):191-97.
Stanley Klein (2002). Libet's Timing of Mental Events: Commentary on the Commentaries. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):326-333.
S. Kitazawa (2002). Where Conscious Sensation Takes Place. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):475-477.
Susan Pockett (2002). Backward Referral, Flash-Lags, and Quantum Free Will: A Response to Commentaries on Articles by Pockett, Klein, Gomes, and Trevena and Miller. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):314-325.
Benjamin W. Libet (2002). The Timing of Mental Events: Libet's Experimental Findings and Their Implications. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):291-99.
Bruno G. Breitmeyer (2002). In Support of Pockett's Critique of Libet's Studies of the Time Course of Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):280-283.
Stanley Klein (2002). Libet's Research on the Timing of Conscious Intention to Act: A Commentary. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):273-279.
Gilberto Gomes (2002). The Interpretation of Libet's Results on the Timing of Conscious Events: A Commentary. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):221-230.
S. A. Klein (2002). Libet's Temporal Anomalies: A Reassessment of the Data. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):198-214.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #260,991 of 1,679,333 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #183,792 of 1,679,333 )
How can I increase my downloads?