David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 15 (3):551-559 (2006)
Evidence is summarised for and against the hypothesis that potentiation or facilitation of neural responses during a train of threshold-level stimuli occurred in the experiments reported by Libet et al. . It is concluded that such potentiation probably did occur. Since the main arguments for the existence of subjective backwards referral take it as given that such potentiation did not occur, it is further concluded that the main arguments for the existence of subjective backwards referral fail
|Keywords||*Brain Stimulation *Consciousness States *Motor Processes *Stimulus Duration *Visual Cortex Reaction Time Self Perception Visual Perception Volition|
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References found in this work BETA
Benjamin Libet (1965). Cortical Activation in Conscious and Unconscious Experience. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 9 (1):77-86.
Susan Pockett (2002). On Subjective Back-Referral and How Long It Takes to Become Conscious of a Stimulus: A Reinterpretation of Libet's Data. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):141-61.
Benjamin Libet (1966). Brain Stimulation and the Threshold of Conscious Experience. In John C. Eccles (ed.), Brain and Conscious Experience. Springer 165--181.
Benjamin W. Libet, Feinstein E. W. & Pearl B. (1979). Subjective Referral of the Timing for a Cognitive Sensory Experience. Brain 102:193-224.
Benjamin W. Libet (2003). Timing of Conscious Experience: Reply to the 2002 Commentaries on Libet's Findings. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):321-331.
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