David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (1):47 – 62 (2001)
The paper considers Paul Natorp's Kantian reading of Plato's theory of ideas, as developed in his monumental work, Platos Ideenlehre, eine Einführung in den Idealismus (1903, 1921). Central to Natrop's reading are, I argue, the following two claims: (1) Plato's ideas are laws, not things; and (2) Plato's theory of ideas in the first instance a theory about the possibility and nature of thought - in particular cognitive and indeed scientific or explanatory thought - and only as a consequence is it a theory about the nature of reality. Natrop thus argues that Plato's theory of ideas is at its heart a transcendental theory, and that Plato's metaphysics is built on this basis. The paper considers these claims - and their textual basis in Plato - in some detail, and attempts an initial evaluation of their plausibility as a reading of Plato. I am on the whole sympathetic to Natorp's reading, though a proper assessment goes beyond the present paper. The wider interest of this idealist or anti-realist reading of Plato ought to be obvious, especially in view of the commonly accepted assumption these days that both Plato and Aristotle, and indeed the Greeks in general, took realism entirely for granted (see e.g. M. Burnyeat). Natorp argues that this is true of Aristotle, but quite untrue of Plato. But he is quite clear that the idealism he ascribes to Plato is not Berkeleyan or metaphysical idealism, but a certain kind of transcendental or epistemological idealism. Natorp, however, is no uncritical follower of Kant, and the version of trascendental idealism that he ascribes to Plato is, I argue, very different from Kant's.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Dermot Moran (2008). Husserl's Transcendental Philosophy and the Critique of Naturalism. Continental Philosophy Review 41 (4):401-425.
Damian Veal (2005). Editorial Introduction. Angelaki 10 (1):1 – 31.
Similar books and articles
Stella Sandford (2010). Plato and Sex. Polity Press.
Vasilis Politis (2008). Invoking the Greeks on the Relation Between Thought and Reality: Trendelenburg's Aristotle—Natorp's Plato. Philosophical Forum 39 (2):191-222.
Paul Redding, Mind of God, Point of View of Man, or Spirit of the World? Platonism and Organicism in the Thought of Kant and Hegel.
David Robjant (2012). The Earthy Realism of Plato's Metaphysics, Or: What Shall We Do with Iris Murdoch? Philosophical Investigations 35 (1):43-67.
Andrew S. Mason (2010). Plato. Acumen Pub. Ltd..
C. E. M. Joad (1930). . . . Great Philosophies of the World. New York, J. Cape & H. Smith.
Samuel Charles Rickless (2007). Plato's Forms in Transition: A Reading of the Parmenides. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads37 ( #39,215 of 1,088,400 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #42,750 of 1,088,400 )
How can I increase my downloads?