Graduate studies at Western
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (4):411-425 (2003)
|Abstract||Virtuous actions seem to be both habitual and rational. But if we combine an intuitive understanding of habituality with the currently predominant paradigm of rational action, these two features of virtuous actions are hard to reconcile. Intuitively, acting habitually is acting as one has before in similar contexts, and automatically, that is, without thinking about it. Meanwhile, contemporary philosophers tend to assume the truth of what I call the reasons theory of rational action, which states that all rational actions are actions for reasons. Whilst interpretations of this phrase are disputed, I argue that neither of the two leading views – which I call reasons internalism and reasons externalism – makes room for habitual actions to count as actions for reasons; by the reasons theory, they cannot be rational either. I suggest one way of effecting the reconciliation which, whilst it allows us to keep the reasons theory, requires us to conceive of reasons as even more radically external than current externalists believe them to be.|
|Keywords||externalism habit internalism rationality reasons virtue|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Cynthia Macdonald (2004). Self-Knowledge and the First Person. In M. Sie, Marc Slors & B. Van den Brink (eds.), Reasons of One's Own. Ashgate.
Yuval Eylon (2009). Virtue and Continence. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (2):137 - 151.
Judith Baker (2008). Rationality Without Reasons. Mind 117 (468):763-782.
Ruth Chang (2001). Two Conceptions of Reasons for Action. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):447–453.
Bill Pollard (2005). Naturalizing the Space of Reasons. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (1):69 – 82.
Paul K. Moser (1990). Reasons, Values, and Rational Actions. Journal of Philosophical Research 15:127-151.
Duncan MacIntosh (2001). Prudence and the Reasons of Rational Persons. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):346 – 365.
Nancy E. Snow (2006). Habitual Virtuous Actions and Automaticity. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (5):545 - 561.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #55,763 of 738,548 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,778 of 738,548 )
How can I increase my downloads?