Reasoning with conditionals

Topoi 26 (1):79-95 (2007)
Abstract
This paper reviews the psychological investigation of reasoning with conditionals, putting an emphasis on recent work. In the first part, a few methodological remarks are presented. In the second part, the main theories of deductive reasoning (mental rules, mental models, and the probabilistic approach) are considered in turn; their content is summarised and the semantics they assume for if and the way they explain formal conditional reasoning are discussed, in particular in the light of experimental work on the probability of conditionals. The last part presents the recent shift of interest towards the study of conditional reasoning in context, that is, with large knowledge bases and uncertain premises.
Keywords Human reasoning  Conditional  Deduction  Natural logic  Mental models  Mental rules  Defeasible reasoning  Probabilistic reasoning
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