Graduate studies at Western
Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):434 – 454 (2008)
|Abstract||We elaborate on the approach to syllogistic reasoning based on “case identification” (Stenning & Oberlander, 1995; Stenning & Yule, 1997). It is shown that this can be viewed as the formalisation of a method of proof that dates back to Aristotle, namely proof by exposition ( ecthesis ), and that there are traces of this method in the strategies described by a number of psychologists, from St rring (1908) to the present day. We hypothesised that by rendering individual cases explicit in the premises, the chance that reasoners would engage in a proof by exposition would be enhanced, and thus performance improved. To do so, we used syllogisms with singular premises (e.g., this X is Y ). This resulted in a uniform increase in performance as compared to performance on the associated standard syllogisms. These results cannot be explained by the main theories of syllogistic reasoning in their current state|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Orlando Espino, Carlos Santamaria & Juan A. Garcia-Madruga (2000). Activation of End-Terms in Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 6 (1):67 – 89.
Monica Bucciarelli (2000). Reasoning Strategies in Syllogisms: Evidence for Performance Errors Along with Computational Limitations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):669-670.
Lothar Philipps (1999). Approximate Syllogisms – on the Logic of Everyday Life. Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):227-234.
David E. Copeland (2006). Theories of Categorical Reasoning and Extended Syllogisms. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (4):379 – 412.
Fred Johnson (1994). Syllogisms with Fractional Quantifiers. Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (4):401 - 422.
Jamie A. Prowse Turner & Valerie A. Thompson (2009). The Role of Training, Alternative Models, and Logical Necessity in Determining Confidence in Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):69 – 100.
Don Emil Herget (1987). Non-Standard Categorical Syllogisms: Four That Leibniz Forgot. History and Philosophy of Logic 8 (1):1-13.
Phil Corkum (forthcoming). Is Aristotle's Syllogistic a Logic? History and Philosophy of Logic.
Hugo Mercier & Guy Politzer (2011). Solving Categorical Syllogisms with Singular Premises. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):434-454.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #107,425 of 739,318 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,243 of 739,318 )
How can I increase my downloads?