David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (2):173-199 (2009)
Justice makes demands upon us. But these demands, important though they may be, are not the only moral demands that we face. Our lives ought to be responsive to other values too. However, some philosophers have identified an apparent tension between those values and norms, such as justice, that seem to transcend the arena of small-scale interpersonal relations and those that are most at home in precisely that arena. How, then, are we to engage with all of the values and norms that we take to apply to us? In this article, I discuss one way that we might hope to resolve the tension and its relation to John Rawls's `basic structure restriction'. The prospect of resolution is offered by the idea of a `division of moral labour', according to which the pursuit of certain values is assigned to institutions and not to individuals. According to Rawls's basic structure restriction, principles of justice are applicable only to the institutions of the basic structure of society. The possibility of a connection between the division of moral labour and the basic structure restriction readily suggests itself. Taking G.A. Cohen's well-known `incentives' critique of the basic structure restriction as a starting point, I consider five ways in which that restriction might be defended by appeal to the division of moral labour. I conclude that none of these defences succeeds, for none convinces that the conditions in which it makes sense to apply the division of moral labour idea obtain for Rawls's conception of distributive justice. Although the division of moral labour is an attractive proposal, it can do no work in a Rawlsian context. Key Words: Cohen • distributive justice • egalitarian ethos • equality • Rawls.
|Keywords||G.A. Cohen egalitarian ethos distributive justice equality John Rawls Basic structure|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Andrew Williams (2008). Justice, Incentives and Constructivism. Ratio 21 (4):476-493.
Miriam Ronzoni (2008). What Makes a Basic Structure Just? Res Publica 14 (3):203-218.
Alistair M. Macleod (2010). G. A. Cohen on the Rawlsian Doctrine of the Basic Structure as Subject. Social Philosophy Today 26:153-163.
Samuel Scheffler (2010). Equality and Tradition: Questions of Value in Moral and Political Theory. Oxford University Press.
Arash Abizadeh (2007). Cooperation, Pervasive Impact, and Coercion: On the Scope (Not Site) of Distributive Justice. Philosophy and Public Affairs 35 (4):318–358.
Samuel Scheffler & Véronique Munoz-Dardé (2005). The Division of Moral Labour. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79:229 - 284.
Blain Neufeld (2009). Coercion, the Basic Structure, and the Family. Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (1):37-54.
A. Thomas (2011). Cohen's Critique of Rawls: A Double Counting Objection. Mind 120 (480):1099-1141.
Ian Hunt (2011). How Egalitarian is Rawls's Theory of Justice? Philosophical Papers 39 (2):155-181.
Added to index2009-04-04
Total downloads97 ( #11,073 of 1,096,680 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #53,220 of 1,096,680 )
How can I increase my downloads?