David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 2 (2):1-28 (2007)
Many philosophers hold that the achievement of one’s goals can contribute to one’s welfare apart from whatever independent contributions that the objects of those goals, or the processes by which they are achieved, make. Call this the Achievement View, and call those who accept it achievementists. In this paper, I argue that achievementists should accept both (a) that one factor that affects how much the achievement of a goal contributes to one’s welfare is the amount that one has invested in that goal and (b) that the amount that one has invested in a goal is a function of how much one has personally sacrificed for its sake, not a function of how much effort one has put into achieving it. So I will, contrary to at least one achievementist (viz., Keller 2004, 36), be arguing against the view that the greater the amount of productive effort that goes into achieving a goal, the more its achievement contributes to one’s welfare. Furthermore, I argue that the reason that the achievement of those goals for which one has personally sacrificed matters more to one’s welfare is that, in general, the redemption of one’s self-sacrifices in itself contributes to one’s welfare. Lastly, I argue that the view that the redemption of one’s self-sacrifices in itself contributes to one’s welfare is plausible independent of whether or not we find the Achievement View plausible. We should accept this view so as to account both for the Shape-of-a-Life Phenomenon and for the rationality of honoring “sunk” costs.
|Keywords||welfare achievement self-sacrifice shape-of-a-life phenomenon David Velleman Simon Keller sunk costs|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Gwen Bradford (2013). The Value of Achievements. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 94 (2):204-224.
Vanessa Carbonell (2015). Sacrifices of Self. Journal of Ethics 19 (1):53-72.
Gwen Bradford (2015). Knowledge, Achievement, and Manifestation. Erkenntnis 80 (1):97-116.
Stephen M. Campbell (2015). When the Shape of a Life Matters. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (3): 565-75.
Joshua Glasgow (2013). The Shape of a Life and the Value of Loss and Gain. Philosophical Studies 162 (3):665-682.
Similar books and articles
Dan Lyons (1976). Action, Excellence, and Achievement. Inquiry 19 (1-4):277 – 297.
Richard J. Arneson (2002). The End of Welfare as We Know It? Scanlon Versus Welfarist Consequentialism. Social Theory and Practice 28 (2):315-336.
David J. Mellor (2009). The Sciences of Animal Welfare. Wiley-Blackwell.
Wally Morrow (1994). Entitlement and Achievement in Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education 13 (1):33-47.
Dale Dorsey (2013). Desire-Satisfaction and Welfare as Temporal. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):151-171.
Robert Eisenberger (1998). Achievement: The Importance of Industriousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):412-413.
Chris Heathwood (2011). Preferentism and Self‐Sacrifice. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 92 (1):18-38.
Laurence James (2005). Achievement and the Meaningfulness of Life. Philosophical Papers 34 (3):429-442.
Simon Keller (2004). Welfare and the Achievement of Goals. Philosophical Studies 121 (1):27-41.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads107 ( #37,689 of 1,911,083 )
Recent downloads (6 months)12 ( #49,026 of 1,911,083 )
How can I increase my downloads?