David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Psychology 1 (1):17 – 33 (1988)
This paper is about the ways in which psychologists categorise themselves into collectivities. It reports a study of the use of the categories 'mechanist' and 'humanist' in the transcript of an international psychology conference. The analysis documents: (1) the flexibility of category definition with respect to the subject matter, research methods and metaphysical assumptions of the putative membership; (2) the involvement of categories in practical tasks of criticism and evaluation; (3) some of the procedures used to warrant these categories as 'natural'features of psychologists' social worlds. Problems for traditional historical, philosophical and sociological accounts of the development and nature of psychology raised by these findings are discussed and some of the pragmatic motivations for category discourse are assessed.
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References found in this work BETA
Gerald L. Peterson (1981). Historical Self-Understanding in the Social Sciences: The Use of Thomas Kuhn in Psychology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 11 (1):1–30.
Jonathan Potter (1984). Testability, Flexibility: Kuhnian Values in Scientists' Discourse Concerning Theory Choice. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (3):303-330.
Citations of this work BETA
Ian Parker (1990). Discourse: Definitions and Contradictions. Philosophical Psychology 3 (2 & 3):187 – 204.
Dominic Abrams & Michael A. Hogg (1990). The Context of Discourse: Let's Not Throw Out the Baby with the Bathwater. Philosophical Psychology 3 (2 & 3):219 – 225.
Jonathan Potter, Margaret Wetherell, Ros Gill & Derek Edwards (1990). Discourse: Noun, Verb or Social Practice? Philosophical Psychology 3 (2 & 3):205 – 217.
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