David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Technology 25 (4):439-458 (2012)
There are many ways that biological theory can inform ethical discussions of genetic engineering and biomedical enhancement. In this essay, we highlight some of these potential contributions, and along the way provide a synthetic overview of the papers that comprise this special issue. We begin by comparing and contrasting genetic engineering with programs of selective breeding that led to the domestication of plants and animals, and we consider how genetic engineering differs from other contemporary biotechnologies such as embryo selection. We go on to consider the implications of genetic engineering for human nature, human evolution, and persistence of the human species. Finally, we question whether genetic interventions warrant the extraordinary ethical scrutiny they are often given, and we show how the misleading “genetic blueprint” metaphor has imposed a faulty structure on the enhancement debate. We conclude by considering the nature of biological development and the sobering limits it places on what genetic engineering can reasonably hope to achieve
|Keywords||Enhancement Evolution Genetic engineering Human nature Selection|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Nicholas Agar (2008). Liberal Eugenics: In Defence of Human Enhancement. John Wiley & Sons.
Allen E. Buchanan (2011). Beyond Humanity?: The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement. Oxford University Press.
Charles Darwin (1963). On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. New York, Heritage Press.
Francis Fukuyama (2002). 'Our Posthuman Future': Biotechnology as a Threat to Human Nature. fsgbooks.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Russell Powell (2010). The Evolutionary Biological Implications of Human Genetic Engineering. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (1):22.
William Gardner (1995). Can Human Genetic Enhancement Be Prohibited? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (1):65-84.
Matthew DeCamp & Allen Buchanan (2007). Pt. VI. Genetics and Enhancement. Population Genetic Research and Screening: Conceptual and Ethical Issues / Eric Juengst ; Enhancement / Thomas Murray ; Genetic Interventions and the Ethics of Enhancement of Human Beings / Julian Savulescu ; Pharmacogenomics: Ethical and Regulatory Issues. [REVIEW] In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
Russell Powell & Allen Buchanan (2011). Breaking Evolution's Chains: The Prospect of Deliberate Genetic Modification in Humans. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):6-27.
James J. Delaney (2010). Catholicism, the Human Form, and Genetic Engineering. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 84:75-87.
Russell Powell (2012). Human Nature and Respect for the Evolutionarily Given: A Comment on Lewens. Philosophy and Technology 25 (4):485-493.
T. Mcconnell (2010). Genetic Enhancement, Human Nature, and Rights. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (4):415-428.
Vincent Menuz, Thierry Hurlimann & Béatrice Godard (2013). Is Human Enhancement Also a Personal Matter? Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):161-177.
Michael Fuchs (2012). Reshaping Human Intelligence: The Debate About Genetic Enhancement of Cognitive Functions. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 16 (2):165-181.
W. French Anderson (1989). Human Gene Therapy: Why Draw a Line? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (6):681-693.
Maxwell J. Mehlman (2005). Genetic Enhancement: Plan Now to Act Later. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (1):77-82.
W. French Anderson (1985). Human Gene Therapy: Scientific and Ethical Considerations. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (3):275-292.
Jason Borenstein (2009). The Wisdom of Caution: Genetic Enhancement and Future Children. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (4):517-530.
Julian Savulescu (2007). Genetic Interventions and the Ethics of Enhancement of Human Beings. In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press. 516--535.
Added to index2012-11-09
Total downloads42 ( #47,540 of 1,410,123 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #22,735 of 1,410,123 )
How can I increase my downloads?