Evaluating the Capacity of Theories of Justice to Serve as a Justice Framework for International Clinical Research
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):30-41 (2012)
This article investigates whether or not theories of justice from political philosophy, first, support the position that health research should contribute to justice in global health, and second, provide guidance about what is owed by international clinical research (ICR) actors to parties in low- and middle-income countries. Four theories?John Rawls's theory of justice, the rights-based cosmopolitan theories of Thomas Pogge and Henry Shue, and Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm?are evaluated. The article shows that three of the four theories require the conduct of health research for justice in global health. The theories help identify the ends of justice to which ICR is to contribute, but they cannot tell us how to organize ICR to promote these ends. Aside from Ruger's health capability paradigm, the theories also lack an allocative principle for assigning specific duties to specific actors. This creates difficulties for establishing obligations for certain types of ICR actors.
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References found in this work BETA
Norman Daniels (2008). Just Health: Meeting Health Needs Fairly. Cambridge University Press.
Henry Shue (1996). Basic Rights: Subsistence, Affluence, and U.S. Foreign Policy. Princeton University Press.
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Citations of this work BETA
Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder (2015). Global Justice and Health Systems Research in Low‐ and Middle‐Income Countries. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (1):143-161.
Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion, Khin M. Lwin, Phaik Y. Cheah, Francois Nosten & Bebe Loff (2014). Linking International Clinical Research with Stateless Populations to Justice in Global Health. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):49.
Agomoni Ganguli Mitra (2013). A Social Connection Model for International Clinical Research. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (3):W1 - W2.
Bege Dauda & Kris Dierickx (2012). Health, Human Right, and Health Inequalities: Alternative Concepts in Placing Health Research as Justice for Global Health. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):42-44.
Charles Foster & Aisha Y. Malik (2012). The Elephant in the (Board) Room: The Role of Contract Research Organizations in International Clinical Research. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):49-50.
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