David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 12 (3):309 – 328 (2006)
Matching bias refers to the non-normative performance that occurs when elements mentioned in a rule do not correspond with those in a test item (e.g., consider the double mismatch between the rule If there is a not a T on the card then there is not a 4 and a card showing H6 ). One aim of the present work is to capture matching bias via reaction times as participants carry out truth-table evaluation tasks. Experiment 1 requires participants to verify conditional rules, and Experiment 2 to falsify them as the paradigm (a) employs four types of conditional sentences that systematically rotate negatives in the antecedent and consequent; and (b) presents predominantly cases having true antecedents. These experiments reveal that mismatching is linked to higher rates of incorrect responses and slower evaluation times. A second aim is to investigate the way not is processed. We compare a narrow view of negations, which argues that negation only denies information (e.g., not-T only says there is no T), to a search for alternatives view, which says that negations function to prime appropriate alternatives (e.g., not-T primes a search for other letters). Findings from both experiments support a narrow reading view.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Christopher R. Wolfe & M. Anne Britt (2008). The Locus of the Myside Bias in Written Argumentation. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (1):1 – 27.
Edgar Erdfelder, Karl Christoph Klauer & Christoph Stahl (2008). Matching Bias in the Selection Task is Not Eliminated by Explicit Negations. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):281-303.
Jonathan St B. T. Evans (2002). Matching Bias and Set Sizes: A Discussion of Yama (2001). Thinking and Reasoning 8 (2):153 – 163.
Jonathan St B. T. Evans (1998). Matching Bias in Conditional Reasoning: Do We Understand It After 25 Years? Thinking and Reasoning 4 (1):45 – 110.
Mike Oaksford (2002). Contrast Classes and Matching Bias as Explanations of the Effects of Negation on Conditional Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 8 (2):135 – 151.
Sylvain Moutier, Nathalie Angeard & Olivier Houde (2002). Deductive Reasoning and Matching-Bias Inhibition Training: Evidence From a Debiasing Paradigm. Thinking and Reasoning 8 (3):205 – 224.
Hiroshi Yama (2001). Matching Versus Optimal Data Selection in the Wason Selection Task. Thinking and Reasoning 7 (3):295 – 311.
P. Jaskowski & R. Verleger (2000). Attentional Bias Toward Low-Intensity Stimuli: An Explanation for the Intensity Dissociation Between Reaction Time and Temporal Order Judgment? Consciousness and Cognition 9 (3):435-456.
Christoph Stahl, Karl Christoph Klauer & Edgar Erdfelder (2008). Matching Bias in the Selection Task is Not Eliminated by Explicit Negations. Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):281 – 303.
Added to index2010-05-07
Total downloads3 ( #307,951 of 1,101,888 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #191,964 of 1,101,888 )
How can I increase my downloads?